Category Archives: india

Article 370 of the Constitution of India

Article 370 of the Indian constitution gave special status to Jammu and Kashmir, a region located in the northern part of Indian subcontinent which was administered by India as a state from 1954 to 31 October 2019, conferring it with the power to have a separate constitution, a state flag and autonomy over the internal administration of the state. The Indian-administerd Jammu and Kashmir is part of the larger region of Kashmir which has been a subject of dispute since 1947 between India, Pakistan and, partly, China,

The article was drafted in Part XXI of the Constitution titled “Temporary, Transitional and Special Provisions”. The Constituent Assembly of Jammu and Kashmir, after its establishment, was empowered to recommend the articles of the Indian constitution that should be applied to the state or to abrogate the Article 370 altogether. After consultation with the state’s Constituent Assembly, the 1954 Presidential Order was issued, specifying the articles of the Indian constitution that applied to the state. Since the Constituent Assembly dissolved itself without recommending the abrogation of Article 370, the article was deemed to have become a permanent feature of the Indian Constitution.

This article, along with Article 35A, defined that the Jammu and Kashmir state’s residents live under a separate set of laws, including those related to citizenship, ownership of property, and fundamental rights, as compared to residents of other Indian states. As a result of this provision, Indian citizens from other states could not purchase land or property in Jammu & Kashmir.

On 5 August 2019, the Government of India issued a constitutional order superseding the 1954 order, and making all the provisions of the Indian constitution applicable to Jammu and Kashmir based on the resolution passed in both houses of India’s parliament with 2/3 majority. Following the resolutions passed in both houses of the parliament, he issued a further order on 6 August declaring all the clauses of Article 370 except clause 1 to be inoperative.

In addition, the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, 2019 was passed by the parliament, enacting the division of the state of Jammu and Kashmir into two union territories to be called Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir and Union Territory of Ladakh. The reorganisation took place on 31 October 2019.

Source: Wikipedia

Women safety in India

In India Sati, Sabitri, Durga, Laxmi are worshipped by people treating them as goddesses where as there is increasing number of violence against women. The amount of violence against women has increased by many fold due to the greater exposure of women in every field of life. Women were previously restricted to the four walls of the houses and after globalisation they have got the chances and opportunities to stand equally in all sectors at par with male. Women are now a days cab drivers and they are also the CEO of top companies.

It is a good sign that the patriarchal mind set of the society has changed to some extent but not to the extent it was supposed to. It is the same mind set that restricts women to go out and work making them as a tool for domestication. It is the same mind set that treats males as superior than female and always try to dominate the women folk.

There are different kinds of tools that is being used by the male dominated society to prove their domination over the female. Eve teasing, sexual harassment, rape, domestic violence against women are these weapons used by the male to display the male superiority. This is one of the prime reason violence is increasing in India and women safety is a concern in India.

Along with the mind set the slow pace of operation of Indian judiciary is another major reason for the increasing women safety in India. The police of India is not efficient and not neutral and that is the reason why the cases of violence against women takes long time in the investigation phase. In the name of social pressure and shame many women did not come out and report the matter to police. This is one of the many reasons why the number of cases reported are less than the actual number of violence happening against women.

It is a shame that rapes take place everyday. Rape is a disease which attacks from everywhere to everywhere. It is an evil that has no boundaries. It is present in every nook and corner of the world. It doesn’t differentiate between a 3-year-old kid and an 80-year-old lady. From parties to workplaces to our homes, rape and harassment have become a norm. The survivors of these heinous crimes are then left to be humiliated throughout their life. Some of them even spend their whole “after rape life” on ventilators or they are burnt alive.

In order to improve women safety in India the first task is to improve the number of women in every sphere of society. Along with that the change in mind set of people is very essential for the safety of women. From family to educational institutions men should be taught about respecting females. Further, there should be fast-track courts to hear the cases and they cases should be investigated in a time bound manner. Only strict laws can not solve the problem of women safety in India rather the implementation of these laws in a time bound manner can solve the issue to a large extent.

Courtesy: https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/blogs/the-rock-bottom/women-safety-in-india/

Impact of Violence on Child Development

The communities in which kids grow up can have a deep impact on their adults. Many kids are brought up with a wealth of resources in calm and supportive settings. Millions of kids grow up under adversity circumstances at the other end of the spectrum. This often translates into the lack of fundamental development funds. However, adversity may also represent increased exposure to adverse occurrences that form the results of life.

One of the most detrimental experiences kids can have is exposure to community violence, affecting how they believe, feel, and behave. Community violence relates to interpersonal community violence not perpetrated by a member of the family and designed to cause damage. It can be a by-product of various conditions, from neighborhood crime and violence to continuing civil or war conflict. Violence exposure is described as the vicarious experience of violence (e.g. hearing about abuse), being the immediate victim of an act of violence, or witnessing violence involving others.

Sadly, too many kids and youth are experiencing elevated rates of exposure to community violence in the U.S. and internationally. For instance, 55% of teenagers revealed some sort of exposure to community violence in a nationwide U.S. study. Homicide is the second major cause of death for teenagers between the ages of 10 and 24 in the United States at this moment, although this figure involves family violence and other forms of violent victimization. These elevated levels extend to lower kinds of violence participation. For example, according to the Youth Risk Behavior Survey, which was conducted annually with a nationally representative survey of high school students, 32 percent of the youth report was in one or more physical fights over the past year. Although violence cuts across social and demographic lines, in inner city and urban poor neighborhoods, exposure to community violence is greatest.

What is the effect of exposure to violence on the growth of children? One clear message is that “violence engenders violence”–kids experiencing violence are more likely to get caught up in a cycle of violence that leads to future violent conduct, including aggression, delinquency, violent crime, and child abuse. This applies to all kinds of exposure to childhood violence, including but not restricted to community violence.

Furthermore, exposure to violence during childhood and adolescence has been shown to contribute to mental health issues. There are greater rates of psychiatric disorders including depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among youth subjected to community violence. Many kids experience more than one symptom or disorder. For instance, approximately half of children diagnosed with PTSD had a diagnosis of comorbid anxiety in a domestic study of teenage exposure to violence, and approximately one-third had a comorbid drug use disorder. More than two-thirds of the women diagnosed with PTSD also had a comorbid depression diagnosis and one-quarter had a comorbid use disorder.

Computers in Daily Life

The computer is one of the most wonderful products of modern science. It is an electronic device. Computers can do complex calculations and work quickly. They have solved a lot of problems with the man. The first mechanical computer, created by Charles Babbage in 1822.

Use of computer in daily life

The computer is very useful in our daily life. The computer is used in schools, colleges, business, institutions, banks and other public and private sectors of all countries.

Types of computer

There are various types of computers such as a Supercomputer , MainframeComputer, Minicomputer, Microcomputer. A supercomputer is a computer that performs at or near the currently highest operational rate for computers. A mainframe is the largest and most powerful type of computer. A microcomputer is used especially in the home, in school, in the bank and other small business. In the same way, a minicomputer is larger than a personal computer. A personal computer is fairly a small computer for personal & business use.

Advantages of computers

The major advantage of using computers in this way are given below. Computers make it possible to receive, supply and process large volumes of data at very high speed. Computer reduces the cost of all data related operations including, input, output, storage, processing, and transmission.

Disadvantages of computer

Using a computer can make you physically weak and lazy. Doing extra unwanted activities on computers can waste your time. By using computers for a long time, your blood circulation can become poor due to less physical activities.

Conclusion

The development of computer technology is at present, in its fourth generations where it has witnessed many breakthroughs. It has made the computer smaller, cheaper, more efficient and more easy to use. We hope that India will be fully computerised in the years to come.

To make Our children more familiar with computers, we provide one of the best computer lab .

Republic Day

 

Republic Day is the day when India adopted its constitution. It was on 26 January 1950 that the Government of India adopted the constitution and since then 26 January is celebrated as the Republic day of India. It holds a special place in the lives of all the citizens of the country and is also a national holiday for all.

Republic Day is celebrated with full zeal and enthusiasm all over the country and this day is declared as a gazette public holiday by the government of India. It is a matter of pride and honor to celebrate this significant day. There are cultural programs in schools, speeches, and other competitions like quiz, essays related to Indian freedom movement are organized. All over the nation, people hoist flags and sing national anthem.

The President of India presides over the parade of Indian Armed Forces in the capital of the nation, New Delhi. The parade is organized on Rajpath from Vijay Chowk to India Gate. In this parade, the Armed Forces display their vigor, enthusiasm and weaponry. It is followed by a cultural presentation by the States and Union Territories of India. All this display is fittingly preceded by the flag hoisting ceremony which is the most important part. It is accompanied by the singing of National Anthem.

On this day, bravery awards are also given to children and citizens of the nation to motivate people and bring them a sense of nationalism and pride to the nation.