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Unfriending Fear

Language is a very powerful means of communication. God has given us the ability to keep in touch with our fellow- beings through this instrument. We are able to exchange ideas, open up our hearts, learn poetry intelligently and appreciate fine arts with the help of this tool.
In the animal kingdom, sounds communicate indicating excitement, fear, warning, anger, sorrow etc. In pre historic times even human beings resorted to sounds and sign language to interact with one another. . Perhaps there was no need for elaborate forms of communication.
Gradually, as we became more civilized the need for an advanced form of communication was strongly felt by the people. Then language skills started to develop.
Today language is a marker of civilizational growth. People are keen on honing their fluency and learning new languages. Mastering a language requires sustained effort like reading and speaking practice. One needs to build self confidence by overcoming the fear of making mistakes. Knowledge of a language, especially English in present times, is a passport to success.
Since English is considered a universal language, all are eager to be fluent in English-language.
In the modern age we have made use of the basic human faculty of conveying and exchanging our concepts through vocal expression in spoken, written and electronic forms.
Students of today need to possess valuable skills such as collaboration and team work. Language skills equip them to meet the demands and opportunities of today’s world.
Again, in interviews where group discussion has become an integral part, candidates are assessed on their fluency and vocabulary which once more emphasises the need for language proficiency.
Largely, fear is at the bottom of communication. The fear of going wrong, of being misunderstood, of faulty pronunciation the anxieties are endless. Once a person is determined to challenge these nameless fears, the battle is half won .
The fear factor should never come into the picture. With self confidence any person who aspires to master any language can definitely succeed.

Being a Lingua Ninja

“Ninja” the Japanese term which literally meant ‘a martial artist or a fighter,’ acquired its updated meaning – ‘a person who excels in a particular skill,’ just recently. How can one exhibit linguistic prowess or be a lingua ninja? Quite intriguing… don’t you think so? Well, since ages, how humans developed linguistic abilities has always been an ambiguous phenomenon. Primitive men used signs and peculiar sounds to communicate with each other. Later they might have developed these sounds to words, then to phrases and finally broken sentences. There was no need for a polished language then, as language only served for immediate communication, which was its primary function. As time passed, people were civilized, and the need for a sophisticated and refined language evolved.

Language learning seems to be a herculean task for most of the learners, especially if they learn a peculiar language as a foreign language. English, which is accepted as the universal language, is the most spoken language. It has the most number of both native and non native speakers. Yet, non native speakers strive so hard to acquire the desired fluency of the English language. As we delve into history, we may see how non native speakers of English have always grabbed public attention through their linguistic prowess. The great South African leader Nelson Mandela commented “Without language, one cannot talk to people and understand them; one cannot share their hopes and aspirations, grasp their history, appreciate their poetry, or savour their songs.”

We have great writers and speakers in India too who have always surpassed the native literary geniuses like Jawaharlal Nehru, Rabindranath Tagore, Swami Vivekananda etc.

Language learning requires not only speaking practice but also a great deal of efforts in listening, reading and writing too. The best way to improve language proficiency is listening to the native speakers’ accent and trying to make necessary improvisation in one’s accent. The biggest challenge for a person who tries earnestly to speak English flawlessly is smart shaming by others – it literally crushes their confidence. Remember no one is perfect. English language is so benevolently inclusive and accommodative. Hence, exhibit your linguistic prowess by sharing, learning, earning and respecting a language, thereby becoming a Lingua Ninja!!!

The Power of Positive Affirmations

“Believe that life is worth living and your belief will help create the fact.”- William James

The waves created by the Global Pandemic is still ebbing and flowing. We feel that they are receding, but beneath this quit calm ocean, there is a sense of temporality and uncertainty which is incomprehensible. We are going through a phase of mixed emotions.. a sense of relief ,newly sprouted hopes lined with unknown apprehensions.. But the abrupt changes and challenges brought by the pandemic have also had a knock-on effect on our self-esteem. The sudden change to offline mode of learning is an overwhelming experience for students. Between the demanding schedules, rules and regulations and nearing examinations , it’s not uncommon for students to experience burnout. Here comes the importance of positive attitude and positive affirmations.
What are positive affirmations?
Positive affirmations can be defined as positive phrases or statements that we repeat to ourselves. Flashes of low confidence, social anxiety, , incessant comparison …these are the challenges in a student’s life in a post covid classroom. Building a positive attitude may seem a herculean task ahead of you. But remember , Rome was not built in a day!
Positivity doesn’t always refer to simply smiling and looking cheerful, however—positivity is more about one’s overall perspective on life and their tendency to focus on all that is good in life. Positive affirmations play a vital role in bringing a positive attitude in you. It can help you start believing in yourself again. They can give you confidence to overcome obstacles and help you reach your academic goals and personal goals of becoming a well-rounded individual. We all need to be supported emotionally. Unfortunately, we don’t always find the healthy support we need in our daily lives. Instead of waiting for other people to be supportive, you can create your support system and positive affirmations are the best tools for this task.
Before you start practicing positive affirmations , engrave this quote deep in your mind.
“Watch your thoughts, they become your words; watch your words, they become your actions; watch your actions, they become your habits; watch your habits, they become your character; watch your character, it becomes your destiny.” ― Lao Tzu
Affirmations are a self-help strategy used to promote self-confidence and belief in your own abilities. The simple statements you make in your everyday life such as
“I can do this” “I’ve got what it takes.” “I believe in my ability to succeed “– these are actually very powerful positive affirmations. Affirmation can work because it has the ability to program your mind into believing the stated concept.
You can start practicing positive affirmations yourself every day. Start with 3 to 5 minutes at least twice a day. Try saying affirmations upon waking up and getting into bed, for example,
“I Am Not One Who Gives Up”
“I Am Excited to Learn Something New Today”
“I Am Doing My Best”
Repeat each affirmation about 10 times. Make your routine consistent. Be patient. The main motive of positive thinking affirmations for students is that by changing your way of thinking, you can control your emotions and your actions.
Affirmations generally work as a tool for shifting your mindset and achieving your goals, but they’re not a magic bullet for instant success or healing. Affirmations are a powerful and life changing tool, use them wisely.

Back to School !

Schools have been shut since 2020 when Covid-19 led to a global lockdown. According to the World Economic Forum, over 1.2 billion children were out of their classrooms globally due to the lockdown. . At the outbreak of the pandemic, closing schools to protect children, teachers, and parents from a new unknown virus was the right thing to do. But after more than a year, enough evidence has been generated to take a more informed decision. Two primary elements should be at the center of the decision-making: the health risks associated with opening schools versus the education and learning costs of keeping schools closed.to the learning journeys and well-being of millions of children.

When and how to reopen schools was one of the toughest and most sensitive decisions on political agendas. Is it safe to reopen schools or is there a risk of reigniting infections? What are the consequences to children’s mental health and to the social development of young children? Are students engaged in remote learning actually learning? And when the time comes, how will schools ensure students return and help learners who have fallen behind during school closures?

The decision is complex because the pandemic continues to evolve, and not in linear manner. There is insufficient evidence on risks of transmission. Everywhere, confinement will be lifted gradually, with many question marks on how the process will be managed, to a great extent because there are many characteristics of the virus that we just don’t know. Yet, even with the current uncertainties, governments can anticipate and prepare to reopen schools successfully, putting the necessary safeguards in place.

As one can expect, the longer the school interruption, the larger the learning loss. Hence, the earlier schools can reopen, the less risk of long-term damage It is hard to imagine there will be another moment in history when the central role of education in the economic, social, and political prosperity and stability of nations is so obvious and well understood by the general population. Now is the time to chart a vision for how education can emerge stronger from this global crisis than ever before and propose a path for capitalizing on education’s newfound support in virtually every community across the globe.

Principles and Barriers to Effective Communication

General communication skills

To communicate with somebody or somewhere, you should have an audience you speak to, so you can deliver the message to them. Depending on the language you use and the way you present your message it will determinate the audience you are speaking to. By having good general communication skills it will secure that you deliver your message clearly, everybody will understand it and if there’s a case then they will be able to pass it on. Before you communicate to the audience, you should get information of what is the audience, how old are they and by that you will know how to speak to them, because for example you will speak different to millennials than elderly people. In your message, to back up information and have confidence in it, you should be hundred percent accurate, your information needs to be checked and proved before you deliver it to someone else, for example include facts, other people’s opinions, viewpoints. Also your message shouldn’t be boring, it needs to interest the listeners, therefore include in it different techniques of presenting, for example ask questions to your audience, include any games linked to the message.

Interpersonal skills

For communication to happen, there need to be included two or more persons. One of them delivers the message and others, if more than two listens to it and show an interest and listens to it carefully, therefore showing good interpersonal skills. The person delivering the message can do it various ways, for example presenting it (speaking) or just writing up a book and others read it. Usually verbal communication happens between people, Continue reading Principles and Barriers to Effective Communication

Time and Tide Wait For None

“Time and Tide wait for none”, the substance of the proverb is to utilize the dispensed time in imaginative and positive interests instead of in contrary and time-squandering interests. Time once lost can never be recaptured. So if in the age-fitting circumstance, you don’t utilize time, you will need to stay in lament for the remainder of your lifetime. An understudy who shields away his school a long time out of gear interests will consistently feel the touch of the absence of training, regardless of how high he reaches or how far he voyages.

On the off chance that you don’t go through long periods of warmth and solace in the organization of friends and family, you will consistently feel the spot of it once you lose your folks or your youngsters grow up, or the adoration for your life leaves.

Time is the most important and valuable thing on the planet. Additionally, we should utilize it for our high just as to benefit others around us. not wasting time will support us and the general public to advance towards a superior tomorrow. Besides, we should show our youngsters the significance and estimation of the time. Likewise, sitting around will just lead you to make an issue you and the individuals around you. For adequately using the time we should consider a few focuses which will help us in our entire life.

This usage incorporates defining objectives, plan work records, organize errand, and take satisfactory rest and different others. For adequately using time set long and transient objectives, these objectives will help you in staying profitable. Also, they will demonstrate as the main thrust that will keep you roused. Additionally, this will give the readiness to accomplish something throughout everyday life. Before all else, it will feel like an exhausting undertaking; however, when you do it routinely, then you will understand that it just causes you to build your profitability.

At last, this will compel you to accomplish more throughout everyday life. Organizing task is an extremely compelling method of overseeing time. Likewise, as a result of it, you will know the significance of different errand and occupations.

Henceforth, it will assist you in achieving more throughout everyday life. Being beneficial doesn’t imply that you connect with yourself in various undertakings unfailingly. Taking legitimate rest and practicing is likewise part of being profitable. Besides, appropriate exercise and rest keep up a harmony among body and brain, which is significant for being productive and effective.

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Festival of Colours – Holi

Holi is a popular ancient Hindu festival, also known as the “Festival of Love”, the “Festival of Colours”, and the “Festival of Spring”. The festival celebrates the eternal and divine love of Radha and Krishna. It also signifies the triumph of good over evil, as it celebrates the victory of Lord Vishnu as Narasimha Narayana over Hiranyakashipu. It originated and is predominantly celebrated in Nepal & India but has also spread to other regions of Asia and parts of the Western world through the diaspora from the Indian subcontinent.

Holi celebrates the arrival of spring, the end of winter, the blossoming of love and for many, it is a festive day to meet others, play and laugh, forget and forgive, and repair broken relationships. The festival also celebrates the beginning of a good spring harvest season. It lasts for a night and a day, starting on the evening of the Purnima (Full Moon Day) falling in the Hindu calendar month of Phalguna, which falls around middle of March in the Gregorian calendar. The first evening is known as Holika Dahan (burning of Demon Holika) or Chhoti Holi and the following day as Holi, Rangwali HoliDol PurnimaDhuletiDhulandi, UkuliManjal KuliYaosangShigmo or Phagwah, Jajiri.

Holi is an ancient Hindu religious festival that has become popular among non-Hindus as well in many parts of South Asia, as well as people of other communities outside Asia. In addition to India and Nepal, the festival is celebrated by Indian subcontinent diaspora in countries such as Suriname, Guyana, Trinidad and Tobago, South Africa, Mauritius, Fiji, Malaysia, the United Kingdom, the United States, the Netherlands, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand. In recent years, the festival has spread to parts of Europe and North America as a spring celebration of love, frolic, and colours.

Holi celebrations start on the night before Holi with a Holika Dahan where people gather, perform religious rituals in front of the bonfire, and pray that their internal evil be destroyed the way Holika, the sister of the demon king Hiranyakashipu, was killed in the fire. The next morning is celebrated as Rangwali Holi (Dhuleti) – a free-for-all festival of colours, where people smear each other with colours and drench each other. Water guns and water-filled balloons are also used to play and colour each other. Anyone and everyone is fair game, friend or stranger, rich or poor, man or woman, children, and elders. The frolic and fight with colours occurs in the open streets, parks, outside temples and buildings. Groups carry drums and other musical instruments, go from place to place, sing and dance. People visit family, friends and foes come together to throw coloured powders on each other, laugh and gossip, then share Holi delicacies, food and drinks. In the evening, people dress up and visit friends and family.

Negative Effects of Social Media on Mental Well-Being

Social media has forever changed the way humans interact. We no longer have to meet face to face, send emails or wait until we get home make phone calls to keep in contact with distant relatives or friends who live out of town. Now people can post on their stories, timelines, go live or even quickly snapchat their friends off their smartphones. The evolution of social media has drastically changed the easiness of everyday life. By opening the applications on our phones for Facebook or Instagram all we need to do is click on a button in order to share a picture of our most recently selfie or create a post about current thoughts for people to like and comment on. Social media users feel a need or desire to post often to keep people up to date with their life and to constantly check what other people are doing so that they know how to fit in. Even though social media has many positives and benefits, there are many negatives that come along with it. The pressure is higher than ever to fit in with societal norms. New ideas of beautiful, new styles and trendy ascetics appear every day which produces added stress for people to keep up with the trends. The idea that we need to look a certain way, be a certain size, wear specific styles and constantly be up to date on the newest trends causes an obsession by social media users. We no longer post on social media the things that we like and enjoy but instead we are posting to fulfill a certain standard and show that we do things that are considered in style/cool/popular. Social media changed our lives by promoting that its users follow a trend instead of forming their own path. Self-esteem and mental well-being are negatively affected by social media. I critically analyzed four research papers and found links between social media use and negative self-esteem. For this papers literature review, I will use the topic/categorical structure to cover my four sources. I believe that social media use contributes to lower self-esteem found in women and men in today’s culture. All of the four research papers I chose also agree that people’s tendencies on social media sites do indeed affect levels of their self-esteem.

Literature Review

Since the launch of Facebook in 2004, social media has taken over the lives of thousands of people from all around the world. Social media allows us to interact with people in different ways and perceive ourselves and other in new ways. Whether we like to believe it or not, social media does have negative effects on our self-esteem and mental well-being. According to Ahn Phung the definition of self-esteem can be described as a personal judgment of the worthiness that is expressed in the attitudes the individual holds towards himself, or put it more simply, self-esteem is the attitude that people have toward their own values (Phung p. 2). Many scholars have done studies on how/if social media does affect mental well-being. The four sources I chose did preform studies that ended up proving that social media does affect self-esteem and mental well-being. Each of these studies came up with a research question, tested their hypothesis and came to a conclusion. While all of their studies and research questions varied a little, the conclusion ended up proving the same point. In an article by Angie Zuo, she sought to investigate the relation between Facebook use, social comparison, and mental health outcomes. This is component one of my categorical/topic structure. Her hypothesis stated: “(H1) Individuals who spent more time using Facebook would make more social comparisons (both upward and downward) than individuals who did not spend as much time using Facebook and (H2) individuals who made more social comparisons would have lower self-esteem and more negative mental health outcomes” (Zuo, 2014). To test her hypothesis, she created a measure that asked the participants to report the ways that they compared themselves to other people. After her studies was conducted and her results were completed for both hypothesis’, she found that for (H1) “the results showed that the number of minutes spent using social networking sites per day was significantly correlated with comparisons about appearance. This indicates that the more time an individual spends on social networking sites per day, the more likely they are to make comparisons about appearances, which supports our hypothesis” (Zuo, 2014). She also found that for (H2) “Overall, we found that higher levels of social comparison were indeed associated with lower self-esteem and more symptoms of depression, anxiety, hostility, paranoia, and sensitivity. Our hypotheses were supported” (Zuo, 2014). Angie Zuo, from the University of Michigan research found direct links between self-esteem, mental well-being and social media use. As people have more exposure to social media, in this case Facebook, there levels of self-esteem dropped as they made social comparisons which made their mental health more negative as well. She found that there were positive correlations with lower self-esteem and negative well-being. Zuo’s investigation positively supports my research question that heavy social media use does affect self-esteem and mental well-being.

Similar to Angie Zuo’s findings on how social media can lead to self-esteem issues, I analyzed a second article based off a similar topic. For my second component of my categorical/topic structure of my literature review I analyzed Anh Phung’s article on Social media and Self-esteem. Her hypothesis is “people who focus the attention on others profile are likely to feel less confident about themselves when exposed to social media” (Phung p.8). In order to find out if her hypothesis is correct, she began a study by collecting and analyzing data from an online study in which she created. The reason she used an online study was because she considered it to be the fastest and most efficient way to get information for her research on the topic. Through her online study she asked questions regarding the respondent’s demographics, how often they check social media on a number scale ranging from almost never to several times a day and their own person level of self-esteem. After Phungs data had been collected and evaluated, she found that her original hypothesis had been supported by the data she received. Phung concludes her research question by saying “I will be able to conclude that other-centered activities indicate lower level of self-esteem in users. I believe my conclusion contributes to the research on the effects that social media has on people’s mentality” (p.11). Anh Phung found connections between self-esteem and social media use. The more often people checked their social media then more likely they were to have negative feelings about themselves. Just like Angie Zuo’s findings, Anh Phung found similar connections between social media use and negative feelings towards self-esteem.

Social media sites that we encounter everyday give plenty of chances for its users to feel self-esteem issues while scrolling through hundreds of friends and famous people’s pictures and posts. While you may not have noticed self-esteem issues, you may find that you make social comparisons between yourself and others. On sites such as Facebook people have the ability to create a profile, post the best pictures of themselves and focus their profile around their most desirable traits and best self-views. Whereas face to face interactions you may not see those qualities at first or allow for the same degree of contemplation (Vogel, 2014). Erin A. Vogel, Jason P. Rose, Lindsay R. Roberts, and Katheryn Eckles from the University of Toledo created an article that I will use for my third component of my categorical/topic structure titled, Social comparison, Social media and Self-esteem. In order to find common links between social media, social comparison and self-esteem they created a hypothesis to test. Their hypothesis is “we anticipate that people who use Facebook more frequently will have poorer self-esteem and that this relationship will be mediated by upward social comparison on Facebook” (Vogel, 2014).  To test their hypothesis, they used a correlational study by examining the relationship between Facebook use and self-esteem. The participants for this study were college students and they completed questionaries’ that covered Facebook use, self-esteem and the amount of times they found themselves making social comparisons. After conducting their research, exanimating their hypothesis and connecting the two, they found that “Critically, as expected, frequency of Facebook use was negatively correlated with self-esteem where participants with more exposure to Facebook tended to evaluate themselves more poorly. Frequency of Facebook use was also associated with an increase in the extent to which participants reported making social comparisons on Facebook” (Vogel, 2014). As they expected and as I expected, there was a relationship between social media use and negative self-esteem. Just as Zuo and Phung came to the same conclusion that these two topics intertwined, so has Vogel. Social media is proving through various accounts of research to have negative effects on self-esteem. It has also caused viewers to make social comparisons that are also affecting one’s self-esteem.

For my fourth and final component of my categorical/topic structure I critically analyzed another article on the topic of self-esteem and social media use. In an article written by Jasmine Fardouly, Phillippa C. Diedrich, Lenny R. Vartanian and Emma Halliwell they examined Social comparisons on social media: the impact of Facebook on young women’s body image concerns and mood. This article connects with my past three critically analyzed articles because it focuses on how social media affects woman’s body image/self-esteem. They tested their hypothesis in a different way than the last three articles did. Their hypothesis speculated that “the effect of Facebook usage on women’s mood and body image, whether these effects differ from an online fashion magazine, and whether appearance comparison tendency moderates any of these effects” (Fardouly, 2014). The female participants were randomly assigned to spend ten minutes looking at an appearance-neutral controlled website, a magazine website or their own Facebook accounts. After completing these ten minutes of looking at their randomly assigned subjects, they had to complete a state of measure of mood, body dissatisfaction and appearance (skin, weight, face and hair related) (Fardouly, 2014). While reading this research, I found this survey to be the most interesting because of the three different websites the participants had to look at. Based off these women’s results they found that the participants who had to spend their time looking at Facebook reported being in more of a negative mood than those other women who looked at the magazine website and controlled website. Their hypothesis was proven to be correct since they found that there was yet again, a connection between social media and self-esteem issues, in this case body image.

Conclusion

Through my extensive effort of analyzing four research articles and providing their hypothesis, research methods and conclusions, I have also come to the conclusion that my research question of “does heavy social media use affect one’s self-esteem and mental well-being?” has been answered. Based off the evidence I have provided and research I have done, I think my hypothesis is correct that heavy social media use does affect one’s self-esteem which moreover, affects one’s mental being. Mental well-being and self-esteem can be affected by social comparison, body image or overall dissatisfaction with the way we look and present ourselves. Given this subjects popularity, I think that even articles I did not read and analyze might come to the same conclusion. If heavy social media use leads to negative thoughts, how can we make positive thoughts occur without having to lessen our social media use? Social media is a critical part in today’s society, bringing light to the negatives will hopefully make it so more people can focus on positive self-esteem.

The Impact of Globalization in India

“Globalization can be defined as the process of social, political, economic, cultural, and technological integration among countries around the world.” (Luthans & Doh, 2018, p. 7). This concept has paved the way for Multinational Corporations to expand their business to all Countries. The expansion of ideas has made the face paced world now even faster. So, what does this mean for businesses? Globalization allows businesses to communicate efficiently and timely through technology, Corporations can travel to see their direct work in a country due to the advancement of transportation, and off-shoring of businesses has become quite common and beneficial to both home and foreign Country. This paper will include an analysis of Indian culture and what that means for globalization, and it will discuss three major topics of globalization in detail. These include, Technology, Transportation, and Off-shoring of business.

Indian Culture

Indian culture is rich and diverse. In order to understand globalization and its impact on India, it is important to unpack the Indian culture, particularly in business and management. Family seems to be very important in the Indian culture. The divorce rate in India is very low, and they hold marriage at a very high standard. (India| Etiquette, Customs).  This could be very important in a business aspect being that some smaller businesses are family oriented and staff is more likely to be related/family in some way. Indian culture is also known for their traditional clothing. Called the “sari” for women and the “dhoti” for men. (India| Etiquette, Customs). These fashions are loose and flowy, covering most of the body. India is known for its modesty and this etiquette can also translate over into business. (India | Etiquette, Customs). This can tell us that building relationships is key in Indian culture and business and management. “When first meeting someone, it is common to be introduced by a third party” (India | Etiquette, Customs). This shows how important a first meeting can be. Multinational Corporations needs to be cautious when meeting Indian partners for the first time. Getting to know them first will be key in gaining trust, and ultimately a business partner.

Globalization has affected Indian culture in both positive and negative ways.  With the expansion of social media throughout the world, Family values, clothing, and even business etiquette have transformed to a more Western like approach. Indian families are becoming more diverse, with women being held of the household which was almost unheard of beforehand (Rao, et al., 2013).  Due to globalization you can now see traditional Indian clothing fading. In India, people are wearing pants, t shirts, blouses (Impact, 2017). Overall globalization is shaping the world to look more alike everywhere. The same dress, clothing, language is all spreading. This will spread into business management practices as well. While, business may not be held the same way in every country, the way everyone thinks is becoming more alike. This being a positive or negative thing is something to decide, but ideas are spreading, and culture is changing everywhere.

Technology

Technology is key in society and expansion of business and management in this day in age. Everyone has smart phones and uses social media. Telecommunications are becoming a prime investment for multinational corporations in India and other countries as well. “1 billion wireless devices are in circulation in India” (Luthans & Doh, 2018, p. 65).  This shows that globalization is impacting India and their telecommunications sector of business. According to ibef.org, India is ranked second in the world, in the amount of app downloads and cell phone subscriptions (Brand India, 2017). The market size is growing tremendously in India and people are interested. There is also major room for growth and investment in the telecommunications sector in India. India still contains a good amount of rural area, and there is great room for expansion of business into these areas. According to ibef.org, 70 percent of the population in the country lives in a rural community. (Brand India, 2017). There is still a lot of impact to be made in these rural areas with telecommunications. Recently, Two big cell phone companies in India, Vodafone India and Idea Cellular merged into Vodafone Idea (Brand India, 2017). This merger has shown the big movement toward telecommunication in the Country. Globalization of technology has had a major impact on this transformation in telecommunications in India. Without the spreading of ideas around the globe, this type of technology would not be able to grow and prosper. People would not be able to call one another at the drop of hat. The globalization of technology has ultimately changed the way we communicate. This effects big businesses, in that they can communicate new ideas quickly and efficiently. It also effects smaller, local businesses and even agriculture. With technology you can sell your product at the drop of hat, with a push of a button.

Transportation

Transportation has transformed in big ways in the last decade due to globalization. Carriages and wagons have transformed into in cars and airplanes. In almost all countries we can fly in planes or jets and get to a different country in only a few hours. You can physically be in a different country quicker than ever before. This means the movement of goods to consumers can be done quickly and efficiently in a different country. Businesses can operate faster and more efficiently. Also, Multinational Corporations can travel to a place of business to see how it is running and being managed using these new modes of transportation.

Transportation seems to be a slow development in India, not that the Country does not have the means of transportation but that it is not as advanced as it could be due to globalization. With a population of 1.3 billion, only about 5 percent of Indian families own cars with the main form of transportation in the country being public (Transportation, 2018).  Meaning most people are using buses and taxis to get around. This is due to road being overcrowded, small and not properly maintained because of low budgeting within the country (Transportation, 2018).

India’s railway system seems to be the most effected by globalization as far as advancement. Considered one of the busiest railroad systems in the world, the railway plays a big part in the Indian economy (Transportation, 2018). The Indian government also has proposed a plan for bullet trains in India. These trains will almost cut the time in half it takes to travel.  The trains will be purchased from Japan, and manufacturing will be done in India as they open plants. Bids are being considered by Kawasaki and other companies (Preske, 2018). This advancement in the railway system will open new jobs by way of manufacturing plants, and the people of India will be greatly affected in that they can travel faster and more efficiently. This shows globalization in India with a combination of technology and transportation. The two categories go hand in hand, especially as the world get’s more advanced. As India’s technology advances, their transportation and aspects of it will advance as well. India will have a way to advance railways for the rest of the world due to the bullet trains. Globalization in India has impacted transportation and will continue to do so in the future.

Off- Shoring in India

Offshoring can be defined as “The process by which companies undertake some activities at offshore locations instead of in their countries of origin”. (Luthans & Doh, 2018, p. 7). Offshoring can be an asset to a business in that by offshoring to a foreign country, the business can save money in ways like manufacturing, payment of employees, and saving taxes. (India Representation Company, 2016).  As mentioned earlier, India has a very high population and due to the advancement of offshoring because of globalization it is a very sought out Country to offshore business to because of this.

Globalization has allowed offshoring to grow in great ways. Globalization has allowed Countries in different time zones to longer be looked at as a disadvantage. For example, between the United States and India there is about a 10-hour time difference depending on your time zone. If you have a company in India, the employees in India can be preparing contracts while your U.S. employees are sleeping. In the morning the contracts are ready for the U.S. employees to view and work on as needed. (India Representation Company, 2016). This allows a company the advantage to be always working and growing their business. It also helps the employees to not be overworked in that they are only doing their job, during their time. The business now runs like a machine from across the globe all due to globalization.

India’s biggest offshoring industry is Information Technology. (India Representation Company, 2016). The people of India are known for being very smart and technologically savvy. This makes them a very large asset to businesses in the United States. Offshoring of I.T. to India boosts India’s economy by providing more jobs for more workers and boosts the home country by decreased expenses as well as increased productivity.

Overall globalization has widely had an impact on offshoring in India. Due to the expansion of offshoring in India the economy has boosted. The advantages of a large population and skilled workers has put them at the top in offshoring of businesses like Information Technology.

Conclusion

Globalization is a phenomenon that has impacted the entire world. The growth and spread of ideas from Country to Country has made it possible for the world to grow faster and more efficient in business. India has gone from a Country with little to offer, to a Country with a wide variety of skills and assets, all made possible by globalization. The culture has changed from one of traditional values, clothing, food, to a culture with an open mind of women’s rights’, western clothing. Technology has advanced in India like never before, with a smart phone in every hand and communication at everyone’s fingertips. Trains that move at high speeds are getting people from place to place more efficiently than in the past. Companies are expanding into to different Countries to better their businesses. Overall, globalization has made a major impact in India. The spread of ideas has allowed the Country to grow and further advance the things it was already good at. Technology, Transportation, and Offshoring are just three aspects of globalization that have had an impact in India. As new ideas come and spread through globalization, India will grow in new ways in the future.

World Day of Social Justice

World Day of Social Justice (Social Justice Equality Day) is an international day recognizing the need to promote social justice, which includes efforts to tackle issues such as poverty, exclusion, gender equality, unemployment, human rights, and social protections. Many organizations, including the UN, American Library Association (ALA), and the International Labour Organization, make statements on the importance of social justice for people. Many organizations also present plans for greater social justice by tackling poverty, social and economic exclusion and unemployment. The United Nations General Assembly has decided to observe 20 February annually, approved on 26 November 2007 and starting in 2009, as the World Day of Social Justice.

 

Source: Wikipedia