World Braille Day is an international day on 4 January and celebrates awareness of the importance of braille as a means of communication in the full realization of the human rights for blind and visually impaired people. The date for the event was chosen by the United Nations General Assembly via a proclamation in November 2018, and marks the birthday of Louis Braille, creator of this writing system. The first World Braille Day was celebrated on January 4, 2019.
The International Human Solidarity Day (IHSD), observed on December 20, is an international annual unity day of the United Nations and its member states introduced by the general assembly during the 2005 World Summit. It was established on December 22, 2005 by resolution 60/209. Its main goal is to recognize the universal values of poor by making the associated countries aware of reducing poverty and to formulate its countermeasures as signed by the independent states. IHSD is a part of World Solidarity Fund and United Nations Development Program focused on to achieve goals set for worldwide poverty eradication.
According to the United Nations, the International Human Solidarity Day is
- a day to celebrate our unity in diversity;
- a day to remind governments to respect their commitments to international agreements;
- a day to raise public awareness of the importance of solidarity;
- a day to encourage debate on the ways to promote solidarity for the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals including poverty eradication;
- a day of action to encourage new initiatives for poverty eradication.
The International Human Solidarity Day was established under the influence of the U.N. Millennium Declaration that determines the civil and political rights of an individual in the modern era by establishing the foreign relations between the member states and the U.N. The General Assembly of December 22, 2005 by resolution 60/209 recognized solidarity as one of the fundamental and universal values and proclaimed the International Human Solidarity Day. IHSD is held every year on December 20 to promote the importance of sharing and the culture of solidarity to combat poverty and to encourage governments, NGOs, and almost every individual to organize programs and debates either on a national or international level so that poverty can be reduced by spreading the awareness. An individual can participate or celebrate the day either by contributing to education or help the poor. This day is also celebrated by helping socially or mentally challenged people. However, governments are much expected to respond the poverty and other barriers in society through Sustainable Development Goals, designed to facilitate good future for all.