International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women

The United Nations General assembly has designated November 25 as the International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women (Resolution 54/134). The premise of the day is to raise awareness of the fact that women around the world are subject to rape, domestic violence and other forms of violence; furthermore, one of the aims of the day is to highlight that the scale and true nature of the issue is often hidden. For 2014, the official Theme framed by the UN Secretary-General’s campaign UNiTE to End Violence against Women, is Orange your neighbourhood. For 2018, the official theme is “Orange the World:#HearMeToo” and for 2019 it is “Orange the World: Generation Equality Stands Against Rape”

Historically, the date is based on the date of the 1960 assassination of the three Mirabal sisters, political activists in the Dominican Republic; the killings were ordered by Dominican dictator Rafael Trujillo (1930–1961). In 1981, activists at the Latin American and Caribbean Feminist Encuentros marked November 25 as a day to combat and raise awareness of violence against women more broadly; on December 17, 1999, the date received its official United Nations (UN) resolution.The UN and the Inter-Parliamentary Union have encouraged governments, international organizations and NGOs to organize activities to support the day as an international observance.

Source : wikipedia

Article 370 of the Constitution of India

Article 370 of the Indian constitution gave special status to Jammu and Kashmir, a region located in the northern part of Indian subcontinent which was administered by India as a state from 1954 to 31 October 2019, conferring it with the power to have a separate constitution, a state flag and autonomy over the internal administration of the state. The Indian-administerd Jammu and Kashmir is part of the larger region of Kashmir which has been a subject of dispute since 1947 between India, Pakistan and, partly, China,

The article was drafted in Part XXI of the Constitution titled “Temporary, Transitional and Special Provisions”. The Constituent Assembly of Jammu and Kashmir, after its establishment, was empowered to recommend the articles of the Indian constitution that should be applied to the state or to abrogate the Article 370 altogether. After consultation with the state’s Constituent Assembly, the 1954 Presidential Order was issued, specifying the articles of the Indian constitution that applied to the state. Since the Constituent Assembly dissolved itself without recommending the abrogation of Article 370, the article was deemed to have become a permanent feature of the Indian Constitution.

This article, along with Article 35A, defined that the Jammu and Kashmir state’s residents live under a separate set of laws, including those related to citizenship, ownership of property, and fundamental rights, as compared to residents of other Indian states. As a result of this provision, Indian citizens from other states could not purchase land or property in Jammu & Kashmir.

On 5 August 2019, the Government of India issued a constitutional order superseding the 1954 order, and making all the provisions of the Indian constitution applicable to Jammu and Kashmir based on the resolution passed in both houses of India’s parliament with 2/3 majority. Following the resolutions passed in both houses of the parliament, he issued a further order on 6 August declaring all the clauses of Article 370 except clause 1 to be inoperative.

In addition, the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, 2019 was passed by the parliament, enacting the division of the state of Jammu and Kashmir into two union territories to be called Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir and Union Territory of Ladakh. The reorganisation took place on 31 October 2019.

Source: Wikipedia

Primary School Sports Education

The value of sports education was never more emphasized than it is now. Primary school sports and games are an integral aspect of overall child education and have begun to attain due significance. Participation in primary school sports and games is crucial, especially in a child’s growing years, to improve their physical, social, mental, and intellectual health. 

Having said that, most definitely, we should all also vouch for the fact that, among primary school students, sports education inculcates various soft skills such as leadership, cooperation, sharing teamwork, integrity, team spirit, empathy and many more. Realizing its significance, we at Genesis Global School have taken measures towards providing comprehensive PE & sports education within and beyond school hours.

Here, we have mentioned some of the benefits of introducing primary school sports games: 

  • Social Skills 

Participation in primary school sports games can help children develop social competencies that will benefit them throughout their lives. They learn to not only interact with their coaches and sports officials but also with other children of their age. Children learn teamwork skills, team management skills and relationship skills that can benefit them in education, their future careers and personal relationships. 

  • Self-Esteem 

Participation in sports and games will always have a positive impact on a child’s self-esteem. Children who take part in primary school sports and games earn support and motivation from coaches and friends, which helps them with building self-confidence. They also learn to trust and drive themselves to their strengths. Constructive criticism is also a big part of engagement in sports games, and young children learn to embrace and use these criticisms to their benefit. 

  • Academic Success 

Sports and games for primary school students act as a recreational activity for them. It helps reduce the pressure students usually feel in school due to assignment deadlines and exams. It thus enables them to study with a fresh mind and do well in academics. They can contribute to their studies, the same values of discipline and hard work gained from their sports activity. 

  • Determination 

Sports education teaches perseverance and endurance. A player learns how to work hard and maintain discipline while practicing any form of sport. Sports and games for primary school are essential to make students understand the value of determination and commitment towards a particular sport.  

  • Lifelong Health 

Participation in sports encourages fitness and wellbeing not only in adolescence but throughout a person’s lifespan. We let our students indulge in primary school sports and games such as swimming and golf that are extremely useful because the child can continue to play as an adult and benefit from the physical exercise. Also, children who participate in sports are more aware of healthy lifestyle choices. While participation in sports is an excellent way to encourage health and wellbeing, parents must promote healthy eating and be positive role models. 

  • Improves Mental Health 

The benefit of primary school sports and games to the mental health of a student is immense. Improved physical fitness and social activities lead to a stable emotional state. Physical exercise sets the tone for a healthy night’s sleep, while obesity is related to sleep apnea, induced by inactivity. In addition to adequate sleep, daily physical exercise often provides the time to engage in sports and to communicate with others.  

Women safety in India

In India Sati, Sabitri, Durga, Laxmi are worshipped by people treating them as goddesses where as there is increasing number of violence against women. The amount of violence against women has increased by many fold due to the greater exposure of women in every field of life. Women were previously restricted to the four walls of the houses and after globalisation they have got the chances and opportunities to stand equally in all sectors at par with male. Women are now a days cab drivers and they are also the CEO of top companies.

It is a good sign that the patriarchal mind set of the society has changed to some extent but not to the extent it was supposed to. It is the same mind set that restricts women to go out and work making them as a tool for domestication. It is the same mind set that treats males as superior than female and always try to dominate the women folk.

There are different kinds of tools that is being used by the male dominated society to prove their domination over the female. Eve teasing, sexual harassment, rape, domestic violence against women are these weapons used by the male to display the male superiority. This is one of the prime reason violence is increasing in India and women safety is a concern in India.

Along with the mind set the slow pace of operation of Indian judiciary is another major reason for the increasing women safety in India. The police of India is not efficient and not neutral and that is the reason why the cases of violence against women takes long time in the investigation phase. In the name of social pressure and shame many women did not come out and report the matter to police. This is one of the many reasons why the number of cases reported are less than the actual number of violence happening against women.

It is a shame that rapes take place everyday. Rape is a disease which attacks from everywhere to everywhere. It is an evil that has no boundaries. It is present in every nook and corner of the world. It doesn’t differentiate between a 3-year-old kid and an 80-year-old lady. From parties to workplaces to our homes, rape and harassment have become a norm. The survivors of these heinous crimes are then left to be humiliated throughout their life. Some of them even spend their whole “after rape life” on ventilators or they are burnt alive.

In order to improve women safety in India the first task is to improve the number of women in every sphere of society. Along with that the change in mind set of people is very essential for the safety of women. From family to educational institutions men should be taught about respecting females. Further, there should be fast-track courts to hear the cases and they cases should be investigated in a time bound manner. Only strict laws can not solve the problem of women safety in India rather the implementation of these laws in a time bound manner can solve the issue to a large extent.

Courtesy: https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/blogs/the-rock-bottom/women-safety-in-india/

Ways to Unleash Your Child’s Talents

If you’re trying to learn how to discover your child’s talent, the secret lies in allowing kids to discover their interests and finding those activities that excite them like no other. From there, kids learn the determination and perseverance needed to become precisely what they want to be. Let’s take a deeper look at some no-nonsense ways to uncover your child’s talents.

No rushing, no pressure

Instead of competing with the other kids on the block, avoid pressuring your child into many different activities, and find out what it is your child is really passionate about. Once your child picks an activity, whether it’s playing piano, or joining the city swim team, don’t rush your child to learn the skill or become the best. Support your child, but remember that being pushy can be discouraging.

Appreciate your child’s generation

More kids today are learning how to code through programming classes designed specifically for kids. Why not embrace your child’s internet generation? While older generations may complain that kids today have never experienced life before technology, it can be harnessed to motivate children to find their passion. Instead of thinking about what you or your parents did as a child, think more like a kid today, and fully embrace the current culture.

It’s okay to make mistakes

To teach your child about long-term goals and rewards, reinforce the idea that as people, we all learn from our mistakes. Failure is necessary for growth, and once your child internalizes this essential life lesson, he or she will realize that mistakes are an opportunity for making strides ahead. In turn, your child will develop resiliency and confidence in any endeavor.

Foster a healthy parent-child relationship

Simply remaining calm during setbacks and conflicts reinforce your child’s trust in you and bolsters a safe space for learning. By showing your child that you accept him and love him even when he makes mistakes, sets the stage for continued growth. Praise your child for ongoing efforts, even if it seems that your child is progressing slower than expected or hoped for.

Be open to your child’s ideas and aspirations

When determining how to discover your child’s talent, step back and let your child lead the way. Be open to the ideas your child proposes, and if it’s in reason, explore each possibility to uncover your child’s true interests. Your child will be happier in the end, and even if your child’s talent isn’t something that would naturally interest you, take pride in his individuality.

Praise effort and successes without gloating over natural abilities

However, it’s important to avoid praising kids for those natural abilities they possess. Kids didn’t ask to be born naturally better at anything. Just like someone’s physical appearance, a natural talent is not something anyone could take credit for. Instead, praise your child’s effort and hard work, and build your child’s confidence and stamina for developing a skill. As a result, your child will unleash his or her talent, while also building a positive character trait.

Practice progress, not perfection

Encourage your child to keep going by reinforcing the idea that a lot of practice is needed to improve an ability or skill. Make sure to check your own expectations, and remember that your child is working at a long-term goal, and that perfection is never the goal.

Source: https://www.kidsacademy.mobi/storytime/how-to-discover-your-childs-talent/

 

Aristotle

Aristotle was a Greek philosopher and polymath during the Classical period in Ancient Greece. Taught by Plato, he was the founder of the Lyceum, the Peripatetic school of philosophy, and the Aristotelian tradition. His writings cover many subjects including physics, biology, zoology, metaphysics, logic, ethics, aesthetics, poetry, theatre, music, rhetoric, psychology, linguistics, economics, politics, and government. Aristotle provided a complex synthesis of the various philosophies existing prior to him. It was above all from his teachings that the West inherited its intellectual lexicon, as well as problems and methods of inquiry. As a result, his philosophy has exerted a unique influence on almost every form of knowledge in the West and it continues to be a subject of contemporary philosophical discussion.

Little is known about his life. Aristotle was born in the city of Stagira in Northern Greece. His father, Nicomachus, died when Aristotle was a child, and he was brought up by a guardian. At seventeen or eighteen years of age he joined Plato’s Academy in Athens and remained there until the age of thirty-seven (c. 347 BC). Shortly after Plato died, Aristotle left Athens and, at the request of Philip II of Macedon, tutored Alexander the Great beginning in 343 BC. He established a library in the Lyceum which helped him to produce many of his hundreds of books on papyrus scrolls. Though Aristotle wrote many elegant treatises and dialogues for publication, only around a third of his original output has survived, none of it intended for publication.

Aristotle’s views on physical science profoundly shaped medieval scholarship. Their influence extended from Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages into the Renaissance, and were not replaced systematically until the Enlightenment and theories such as classical mechanics were developed. Some of Aristotle’s zoological observations found in his biology, such as on the hectocotyl (reproductive) arm of the octopus, were disbelieved until the 19th century. His works contain the earliest known formal study of logic, studied by medieval scholars such as Peter Abelard and John Buridan. Aristotle’s influence on logic also continued well into the 19th century.

He influenced Judeo-Islamic philosophies (800–1400) during the Middle Ages, (Maimonides respected his intelligence but refuted his view of “thinking being” with view of “praying being”, as well as Christian theology, especially the Neoplatonism of the Early Church and the scholastic tradition of the Catholic Church. Aristotle was revered among medieval Muslim scholars as “The First Teacher” and among medieval Christians like Thomas Aquinas as simply “The Philosopher”. His ethics, though always influential, gained renewed interest with the modern advent of virtue ethics, such as in the thinking of Alasdair MacIntyre and Philippa Foot.

Risks of Global Warming Rising

The effects of global warming or climate damage include far-reaching and long-lasting changes to the natural environment, to ecosystems and human societies caused directly or indirectly by human emissions of greenhouse gases. It also includes the economic and social changes which stem from living in a warmer world. Human caused climate change is one of the threats to sustainability.

Many physical impacts of global warming are already visible, including extreme weather events, glacier retreat, changes in the timing of seasonal events (e.g., earlier flowering of plants), sea level rise, and declines in Arctic sea ice extent. The future impact of global warming depends on the extent to which nations implement prevention efforts and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Ocean acidification is not a consequence of global warming, but instead has the same cause: increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide.

Climate change has already impacted ecosystems and humans as well. In combination with climate variability, it makes food insecurity worse in many places and puts pressure on fresh water supply. This in combination with extreme weather events, leads to negative effects on human health. Rising temperatures threaten development because of negative effects on economic growth in developing countries. The social impact of climate change will be further affected by society’s efforts to prepare and adapt.Global warming already contributes to migration in different parts of the world.

Near-term climate change policies significantly affect long-term climate change impacts. Stringent mitigation policies might be able to limit global warming (in 2100) to around 2 °C or below, relative to pre-industrial levels.[17][18] Without mitigation, increased energy demand and extensive use of fossil fuels might lead to global warming of around 4 °C.Higher magnitudes of global warming would be more difficult to adapt to, and would increase the risk of negative impacts.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Effects_of_global_warming

Nutrient Requirements Across Age Groups

Children 2-8 years of age

One key nutrient that is important for children ages 2 through 8 would include iron.  According to Grosvenor & Smolin (2018), children do not consume the right amount of iron in their diet however, this vitamin is one that is important for growth and development.  Also, iron is a counterpart of hemoglobin that is responsible for transporting oxygen away from the lungs to the rest of the body (Gavin, 2016).  Iron is said to be one of the nutrients that children get the least of in their diet.  However, two age appropriate foods for this age group includes iron-fortified breakfast cereals and meats such as beef (Grosvenor & Smolin, 2018).

Adolescents 9-18 years of age

 One key nutrient for adolescents ages 9 through 18 years may include vitamin D.  Therefore, vitamin D is important due to its role in keeping bones healthy since the bones in adolescents grow at a faster rate (Grosvenor & Smolin, 2019).  Also, vitamin D goes hand and hand with calcium, without vitamin D calcium cannot be absorbed (Grosvenor & Smolin, 2018).  However, vitamin D is found in some foods that are fortified but the best source to obtain this vitamin is through the sun.  Furthermore, foods sources for vitamin D that would be appropriate for this age group include milk and eggs.

Adults 19-64 years of age

 One key nutrient that is important for adults 19 through 64 years old includes vitamin C.  This nutrient is responsible for eye health and aids in healthy oral surfaces, and vessels (American Optometric Association, n.d.).  Also, vitamin C is important for protecting the body from the common cold and makes the immune system stronger (Wong, 2019).  Furthermore, these adults require vitamin C because helps to heal wounds and has antioxidant properties which shields against free radical that occurs from environment or when food is digested (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2017).  Lastly, two foods that would be appropriate for this age group includes orange juice, oranges, grapefruit and spinach (American Optometric Association, n.d.).

Adults 65 and older

 One key nutrient that is important for adults 65 and older is calcium.  Therefore, the importance of calcium in older adults is it helps to prevent bones from becoming weak and fragile that are prone to developing osteoporosis (Grosvenor & Smolin, 2018).  However, when people get older calcium absorption decreases so, it is very important that this age group gets the adequate amount in their diet.  Therefore, older adult men are recommended to get 1000 mg/day and adult women 1200 mg/day (Grosvenor & Smolin, 2018).  In addition, there are foods that are a good source of calcium that this age group can incorporate in their diet each day.  The food sources that would be most appropriate are milk, collard greens, broccoli, sardines.  Furthermore, if the person cannot consume dairy products and is lactose intolerant alternatives like almond, rice and soymilk are available (NOF, n.d.).

            All the age groups have certain nutrients that are needed to help the body function and to stay healthy.  Therefore, eating foods that have these nutrients can help us from getting a cold, preventing bone loss, boost our immune system and help growth and development.

Impact of Violence on Child Development

The communities in which kids grow up can have a deep impact on their adults. Many kids are brought up with a wealth of resources in calm and supportive settings. Millions of kids grow up under adversity circumstances at the other end of the spectrum. This often translates into the lack of fundamental development funds. However, adversity may also represent increased exposure to adverse occurrences that form the results of life.

One of the most detrimental experiences kids can have is exposure to community violence, affecting how they believe, feel, and behave. Community violence relates to interpersonal community violence not perpetrated by a member of the family and designed to cause damage. It can be a by-product of various conditions, from neighborhood crime and violence to continuing civil or war conflict. Violence exposure is described as the vicarious experience of violence (e.g. hearing about abuse), being the immediate victim of an act of violence, or witnessing violence involving others.

Sadly, too many kids and youth are experiencing elevated rates of exposure to community violence in the U.S. and internationally. For instance, 55% of teenagers revealed some sort of exposure to community violence in a nationwide U.S. study. Homicide is the second major cause of death for teenagers between the ages of 10 and 24 in the United States at this moment, although this figure involves family violence and other forms of violent victimization. These elevated levels extend to lower kinds of violence participation. For example, according to the Youth Risk Behavior Survey, which was conducted annually with a nationally representative survey of high school students, 32 percent of the youth report was in one or more physical fights over the past year. Although violence cuts across social and demographic lines, in inner city and urban poor neighborhoods, exposure to community violence is greatest.

What is the effect of exposure to violence on the growth of children? One clear message is that “violence engenders violence”–kids experiencing violence are more likely to get caught up in a cycle of violence that leads to future violent conduct, including aggression, delinquency, violent crime, and child abuse. This applies to all kinds of exposure to childhood violence, including but not restricted to community violence.

Furthermore, exposure to violence during childhood and adolescence has been shown to contribute to mental health issues. There are greater rates of psychiatric disorders including depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among youth subjected to community violence. Many kids experience more than one symptom or disorder. For instance, approximately half of children diagnosed with PTSD had a diagnosis of comorbid anxiety in a domestic study of teenage exposure to violence, and approximately one-third had a comorbid drug use disorder. More than two-thirds of the women diagnosed with PTSD also had a comorbid depression diagnosis and one-quarter had a comorbid use disorder.

Importance of Using Paper Bags

Paper bags are gaining importance as these bags are 100% reusable, recyclable and biodegradable and at the same time environment friendly and pose less threat to wildlife. it requires less energy for paper bags to be recycled than plastic bags. Paper bags have come a long way since their beginnings in the mid-eighteenth century when some paper bag manufacturers started developing paper bags that are more hardy and long lasting. The paper bags are generally box-shaped in design that allows them to stand upright and hold more goods. Corporates are using paper bags for promotions, seminars, product packaging and branding purposes.

By selecting high quality paper bag manufacturer can deliver recycled brown color paper bags in big and small quantities, regular and premium paper bags which add a professional touch that consumers love and appreciate. Besides, you can add your own custom brand to any paper bag to promote your business. Read on to discover the importance of paper bags.

 Plastic bags cause environmental damage such as increase the level of air pollution. Plastic bags not only have adverse effects on our natural habitats, death of many animals. Plastic bags are not renewable and you need UV rays to destroy it, which is harmful for environment.Paper bags on the other hand are environment friendly and can be recycled.

. Paper bags are usually made from wood. So, these bags can be produced into a new paper like newspapers, magazines or books. Waste papers are also biodegradable so they can be easily degenerate and do not pile up on dump sites.

 You can also buy them at a very cheap price particularly if they are bought wholesale.

 Possessing a paper bag is practical and you can use them to bring your groceries and the premium quality paper bags can be used as paper gift bags.

 Most people nowadays prefer using paper bags because they are easy to carry, neat and can hold lot of items. It adds to your status symbol as they can be embossed and grained to enhance the look.

 Paper bags are usually used extensively in malls and exhibitions for delivering over the counter products as research shows that paper bags contain at least 35% recycled material.

 Corporates are nowadays using paper bags for promotions, seminars, product packaging, and branding purposes as they are competitively priced.

 Paper bag manufacturers can help you to decide the right size and type of paper bags as per your project, budget and quantity.

 You can choose paper bags with special properties that will seal the freshness and give an aesthetic look to your brand as offset and screen printing is possible.

 When your product is properly packaged with premium quality paper bags, you can attract more customers which will help in promoting your brand to the targetaudience.

So, if you are ecofriendly and at the same time want to be ahead of your competitors, start using paper bags.