Impact of Violence on Child Development

The communities in which kids grow up can have a deep impact on their adults. Many kids are brought up with a wealth of resources in calm and supportive settings. Millions of kids grow up under adversity circumstances at the other end of the spectrum. This often translates into the lack of fundamental development funds. However, adversity may also represent increased exposure to adverse occurrences that form the results of life.

One of the most detrimental experiences kids can have is exposure to community violence, affecting how they believe, feel, and behave. Community violence relates to interpersonal community violence not perpetrated by a member of the family and designed to cause damage. It can be a by-product of various conditions, from neighborhood crime and violence to continuing civil or war conflict. Violence exposure is described as the vicarious experience of violence (e.g. hearing about abuse), being the immediate victim of an act of violence, or witnessing violence involving others.

Sadly, too many kids and youth are experiencing elevated rates of exposure to community violence in the U.S. and internationally. For instance, 55% of teenagers revealed some sort of exposure to community violence in a nationwide U.S. study. Homicide is the second major cause of death for teenagers between the ages of 10 and 24 in the United States at this moment, although this figure involves family violence and other forms of violent victimization. These elevated levels extend to lower kinds of violence participation. For example, according to the Youth Risk Behavior Survey, which was conducted annually with a nationally representative survey of high school students, 32 percent of the youth report was in one or more physical fights over the past year. Although violence cuts across social and demographic lines, in inner city and urban poor neighborhoods, exposure to community violence is greatest.

What is the effect of exposure to violence on the growth of children? One clear message is that “violence engenders violence”–kids experiencing violence are more likely to get caught up in a cycle of violence that leads to future violent conduct, including aggression, delinquency, violent crime, and child abuse. This applies to all kinds of exposure to childhood violence, including but not restricted to community violence.

Furthermore, exposure to violence during childhood and adolescence has been shown to contribute to mental health issues. There are greater rates of psychiatric disorders including depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among youth subjected to community violence. Many kids experience more than one symptom or disorder. For instance, approximately half of children diagnosed with PTSD had a diagnosis of comorbid anxiety in a domestic study of teenage exposure to violence, and approximately one-third had a comorbid drug use disorder. More than two-thirds of the women diagnosed with PTSD also had a comorbid depression diagnosis and one-quarter had a comorbid use disorder.

Importance of Using Paper Bags

Paper bags are gaining importance as these bags are 100% reusable, recyclable and biodegradable and at the same time environment friendly and pose less threat to wildlife. it requires less energy for paper bags to be recycled than plastic bags. Paper bags have come a long way since their beginnings in the mid-eighteenth century when some paper bag manufacturers started developing paper bags that are more hardy and long lasting. The paper bags are generally box-shaped in design that allows them to stand upright and hold more goods. Corporates are using paper bags for promotions, seminars, product packaging and branding purposes.

By selecting high quality paper bag manufacturer can deliver recycled brown color paper bags in big and small quantities, regular and premium paper bags which add a professional touch that consumers love and appreciate. Besides, you can add your own custom brand to any paper bag to promote your business. Read on to discover the importance of paper bags.

 Plastic bags cause environmental damage such as increase the level of air pollution. Plastic bags not only have adverse effects on our natural habitats, death of many animals. Plastic bags are not renewable and you need UV rays to destroy it, which is harmful for environment.Paper bags on the other hand are environment friendly and can be recycled.

. Paper bags are usually made from wood. So, these bags can be produced into a new paper like newspapers, magazines or books. Waste papers are also biodegradable so they can be easily degenerate and do not pile up on dump sites.

 You can also buy them at a very cheap price particularly if they are bought wholesale.

 Possessing a paper bag is practical and you can use them to bring your groceries and the premium quality paper bags can be used as paper gift bags.

 Most people nowadays prefer using paper bags because they are easy to carry, neat and can hold lot of items. It adds to your status symbol as they can be embossed and grained to enhance the look.

 Paper bags are usually used extensively in malls and exhibitions for delivering over the counter products as research shows that paper bags contain at least 35% recycled material.

 Corporates are nowadays using paper bags for promotions, seminars, product packaging, and branding purposes as they are competitively priced.

 Paper bag manufacturers can help you to decide the right size and type of paper bags as per your project, budget and quantity.

 You can choose paper bags with special properties that will seal the freshness and give an aesthetic look to your brand as offset and screen printing is possible.

 When your product is properly packaged with premium quality paper bags, you can attract more customers which will help in promoting your brand to the targetaudience.

So, if you are ecofriendly and at the same time want to be ahead of your competitors, start using paper bags.

The Significance of Nutrition Education in Times of COVID-19

The mass disruption caused due to the COVID-19 disease has alarmed countries across the globe. More than half of the total student population in the world is being kept away from attending schools.  

While staying healthy and fit should be a regular aspect of our lives, access to food with the right amount of nutrition holds a greater significance these days. Children are among the most vulnerable, and it is critical to protect and educate them about the same. Thus, it is essential to address the need for nutrition education and how it can help mitigate adverse impacts on health.  

Poor nutrition can weaken the immune system, which jeopardizes the body’s ability to fight against COVID-19. Keeping that in mind, nutrition education for school children has become a necessity as it encompasses educational strategies that can make the children more aware of their food choices.  

Why Nutrition Education is Important in Schools? 

Nutrition education is a process that involves teaching nutritional sciences to children in schools and assists them in incorporating positive changes in their eating patterns and habits. The primary focus is on permanent behavioural changes rather than just delivering factual information.  

Nutrition education in primary schools is essential as it helps build a habit from a very young age. Also, active learning will make nutrition-related information more practical in an everyday setting.  

Nutrition is not just limited to what we eat; it also explains why and how certain foods affect our mental and physical health. School nutrition programmes can thus be beneficial on many levels and, in turn, result in improved academic performance too.  

How will Nutrition Education Help Combat COVID-19?  

With so many people falling prey to coronavirus (COVID-19), unhealthy diet and improper nutrition contribute to weakened immunity that put them more at risk. Hence the pandemic requires us to become more considerate about our eating choices. Nutrition education is a step towards a more aware and healthy youth, especially in times of COVID-19.     

The interactive and holistic approach to nutrition education implies getting the children involved in the complete journey from growing food to cooking and eating it. It is crucial to engage younger pupils and help make the entire process of learning exploratory and fun. Moreover, working alongside parents fosters transparent communication and their support impacts the ability to foster knowledge and skills.  

Here are some of the benefits of providing nutrition education in schools: 

  • Increased likelihood of children making healthy food choices from a young age 
  • Decreased risk of obesity and related health issues among children 
  • Improved cognitive development and decrease in behavioural outbursts 
  • Greater physical and mental health 
  • Increased nutritional knowledge and self-awareness 

How Can you Promote Nutrition Education at Home? 

The more you talk about nutrition with your child, the more they will value its significance. Therefore, you must encourage healthy eating habits for your children while being at school, but also when they are at home.  

Follow these ways to incorporate the same: 

  • Introduce a nutrition issue weekly and discuss it with your child regularly. 
  • Engage your child in simple but healthy recipes daily. 
  • Have them draw pictures of fruits or vegetables and educate them about their benefits. 
  • Make use of modules to teach them more about nutrition. 

Nutrition education in the classroom can successfully improve students’ health and academic performance, but it is also essential to practice the same at home.  

Now the question is – how do you evaluate nutrition education programmes? Change in dietary quality is among the key evaluation measures that teachers, as well as parents, can notice.  

The objective is to implement easy, day-to-day steps that will bring out a change in children. As parents, you need to make sure that the schools are keen on imparting nutrition education to students.  

We advise you to consider the impact of lifestyle habits today and comply with COVID-19 prevention protocols as much as possible.  

Why an active involvement of Parents is significant in a student’s performance?

A lot of factors influence a student ’s academic and co-curricular performance – parents’ involvement being a crucial part of it. Parents who are actively involved in their child’s education, from the starting greatly influence the child’s future development. The most effective learning starts at home, through basic learning activities that shape their early education. Although, with such engaging lifestyle in these times, it tends to be a lot harder for parents to catch up with their child’s everyday school activities.

 

Sending children to school, attending parent-teacher meets, instructing them to score better than others, isn’t particularly being involved. An active parent is the one who searches for reasons behind the child’s performances. With a degrading performance, it is essential to know the factors that are affecting it – it might be a dislike to the particular subject, bullying, or any other cause. Better communication is the key to deciphering the right grounds involved and acting accordingly on it.

 

Parents are the first mentors of a child, so leaving their academic growth completely on the teacher and school isn’t feasible. A simple act of checking your ward’s homework every day can make a significant difference – your child needs to be aware of your involvement, making them vigil towards performing better. The lack of parental guidance may make young learners prone to bad behavior and neglecting them might lead to withdrawal and stress, ultimately negatively affecting their performance in life.

 

Constant support from parents becomes a source of positivity and an anchor for the learners to define their goals and accomplish them. It is critical for parents and teachers to be at the same pace while discussing the student’s growth and future plans. Learn from them about the child’s activities in school and make sure to correct the child if something is wrong. Maintaining a healthy parent-teacher relationship shows your interest in your kid’s matters making them actively participate in their school curriculum.

 

Besides, support and care sometimes children tend to be diverted or more interested in the co-curricular activities, ignoring their education. Although extra-curriculum is essential for a child’s growth – it cannot replace education – parents need to find fun ways to help the young learners enjoy the textbooks along with letting their creative mind breathe too. Many studies and surveys have noted the importance of a parent’s involvement in the child’s education. Students with good support from home have proved to achieve better grades at school and grew up with higher self-esteem.

 

A homely, comfortable environment at home is critical for a child’s better development. Both father and mother should consider the importance of their study life and give them adequate moral support. Do it together and help them with some tips and guidance in doing the assignments better along with a significant focus on co-curricular activities.

As one of the Best CBSE higher secondary school in Kochi, We will provide our students the best facilities to enhance their academic & co-curricular activities & parents needs to support them as they can in every manner.

10 Advantages of Taking Online Classes

The following list includes 10 advantages to online learning.

  1. Variety of programs and courses: From traditional four-year universities to completely online career colleges, higher education today offers a variety of options for students. This means that no matter what students study, from nursing to neuroscience, they can find the courses or programs they need online. Students can also earn every academic degree online, from a career certificate to a doctorate.
  2. Lower total costs: Online programs prove a more affordable option than traditional colleges. Though not all online degrees offer less expensive net tuition prices than traditional colleges, associated expenses almost always cost less. For example, there are no commuting costs, and sometimes required course materials, such as textbooks, are available online at no cost. In addition, many colleges and universitiesaccept creditsearned via free massive open online courses (MOOCs), the most recent advance in online education. These free online courses can help students fulfill general education requirements.
  3. More comfortable learning environment: Commercials that feature online students studying in their pajamas only skims the surface of one of the benefits of online education: no physical class sessions. Students listen to lectures and complete assignments sent to them electronically, with no need to fight traffic, leave work early for class, or miss important family time.
  4. Convenience and flexibility: Online courses give students the opportunity to plan study time around the rest of their day, instead of the other way around. Students can study and work at their convenience. Course material is always accessible online, making special library trips unnecessary. All of these benefits help students balance work and family commitments with their education.
  5. More interaction and greater ability to concentrate: While contradictory evidence about the rate of online student participation versus participation in traditional courses exists, one thing remains certain: Online courses offer shy or more reticent students the opportunity to participate in class discussions more easily than face-to-face class sessions. Some students evenreportbetter concentration in online classes due to the lack of classroom activity.
  6. Career advancement: Students can take online courses and even complete entire degrees while working, while in-between jobs, or while taking time to raise a family. This academic work will explain any discontinuity or gaps in a resume as well. Also, earning a degree can show ambitiousness to prospective employers and a desire to remain informed and prepared for new challenges.
  7. Continue in your profession: Even if someone wants to complete a degree, it may not mean they want to leave their current job. For most students today, increasing college costs mandate that some students continue working while in school. The previously mentioned flexibility of online programs enable students to keep working while also pursuing academic credentials.
  8. Avoid commuting: During snowstorms and thunderstorms, colleges may cancel classes to avoid putting commuting students at risk of dangerous driving conditions. Rather than miss important class sessions, students in online courses can always “attend” by participating in discussion boards or chat sessions, turning in their work on time, and watching lectures or reading materials. Many students also find substantial savings on fuel costs with no commute for classes.
  9. Improve your technical skills: Even the most basic online course requires the development of new computer skills, as students learn to navigate different learning management systems (LMS) and programs. The participation skills students learn within their online courses translate to many professions, including creating and sharing documents, incorporating audio/video materials into assignments, completing online training sessions, etc. Some schools even offer students freelaptops or iPads.
  10. Transfer credits: For college students who want to attend summer classes, but live too far from their colleges and/or work summer jobs, taking online classes from an accredited college and transferring the credits to their primary college can be beneficial. Students can earn college credit while still enjoying their summer vacation or fulfilling the responsibilities of their seasonal employment. Similarly, if a college or university does not offer enough open sections of a required course, students can take the course online at another college and transfer the credits.

Students in online programs can effectively manage their time, learn the materials, and complete assignments on their own schedules to name just a few benefits of online learning.

courtesy: OEDb

Thinking about all the above advantages & the present situation of our nation, we, the best CBSE Management school of Kerala, Greets Public School is going to start online class for all students from class I to XII .

We have launched portal for online admission. Click to apply!

Computers in Daily Life

The computer is one of the most wonderful products of modern science. It is an electronic device. Computers can do complex calculations and work quickly. They have solved a lot of problems with the man. The first mechanical computer, created by Charles Babbage in 1822.

Use of computer in daily life

The computer is very useful in our daily life. The computer is used in schools, colleges, business, institutions, banks and other public and private sectors of all countries.

Types of computer

There are various types of computers such as a Supercomputer , MainframeComputer, Minicomputer, Microcomputer. A supercomputer is a computer that performs at or near the currently highest operational rate for computers. A mainframe is the largest and most powerful type of computer. A microcomputer is used especially in the home, in school, in the bank and other small business. In the same way, a minicomputer is larger than a personal computer. A personal computer is fairly a small computer for personal & business use.

Advantages of computers

The major advantage of using computers in this way are given below. Computers make it possible to receive, supply and process large volumes of data at very high speed. Computer reduces the cost of all data related operations including, input, output, storage, processing, and transmission.

Disadvantages of computer

Using a computer can make you physically weak and lazy. Doing extra unwanted activities on computers can waste your time. By using computers for a long time, your blood circulation can become poor due to less physical activities.

Conclusion

The development of computer technology is at present, in its fourth generations where it has witnessed many breakthroughs. It has made the computer smaller, cheaper, more efficient and more easy to use. We hope that India will be fully computerised in the years to come.

To make Our children more familiar with computers, we provide one of the best computer lab .

Importance of Trees in our lives.

Trees are a significant element in our lives. Not just significant but call it essential. It’s hard to imagine survival without trees and plants. The whole ecosystem relies on trees. The genesis of the food chain begins from plants. We get oxygen from trees. We see trees all around us. Greenery is so soothing to one’s health, one’s being. The most common ones we see around us are the banyan tree, neem tree, mango tree, peepal tree. The common plants could be similarly, Tulsi plant, aloe vera plant, Amla plant etc. Plants and trees make our lives smoother.

  • Trees provide the environment with oxygen. Oxygen is something very vital for one’s living. It’s impossible to survive without oxygen. Trees consume carbon dioxide and release oxygen.
  • A lot of plants and trees have medicinal properties. A lot of herbs are used for treatments. The universal example could be of Tulsi and aloe vera plant.
  • Trees make the environment a better place. Lack of trees causes lacunae of oxygen in the air. That could be hazardous.
  • Trees save us from the flood. And excessive water from rain could be soaked by the roots of the trees embedded in the soil. The absence of trees makes a situation for floods.
  • Trees are also a source of food. We get several things from trees we consume in our daily lives. Fruits, cereals, vegetables, cotton, etc- all of these things are derived from trees.
  • The wood is multi-purposeful. Furniture, houses are made of wood.
  • Living without trees is an impossible situation not just for humans, but for all species.

    Deforestation- Cutting down of the trees

    Deforestation

    In this process of humanization of nature, the man is likely to alter various things. The man is cutting down trees to establish livelihood, settlements, industries. The deforestation rates are alarming, causing a threat to the sustainability of the environment and endangering wildlife.

    Trees are being cut down due to man-made purposes, they’re scarce now. There’s a need for modulation.

    Cutting down of trees should be reduced, seeing how essential it is for human survival as well as for the entire ecosystem.

    Let’s plant trees again. Afforestation

    afforestation

    Initiatives could be taken up to plant trees again. The process of planting trees is called afforestation. Growing more trees would be a wise thing to do. It would help in fighting with a major environmental crisis and making lives more efficient and productive. We have to plant trees for the sustainability of the upcoming generations.

    Let’s pledge to make our environment full of foliage and trees.

    Conclusion of the Essay

    Trees are a vital part of our lives, our environment. They can’t be mercilessly cut and recklessly handled. Making use of trees is wise but exploiting them isn’t. There’s a need for spreading awareness about how greenery in our environment is a must thing. We desire factories but we should equally think about trees.

    All of us should be vigilant citizens and enthusiastically participate in making the world a better place to live in.

 

Basic protective measures against the new coronavirus – WHO

Stay aware of the latest information on the COVID-19 outbreak, available on the WHO website and through your national and local public health authority. Most people who become infected experience mild illness and recover, but it can be more severe for others. Take care of your health and protect others by doing the following:

Wash your hands frequently

Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water.

Why? Washing your hands with soap and water or using alcohol-based hand rub kills viruses that may be on your hands.

Maintain social distancing

Maintain at least 1 metre (3 feet) distance between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing.

Why? When someone coughs or sneezes they spray small liquid droplets from their nose or mouth which may contain virus. If you are too close, you can breathe in the droplets, including the COVID-19 virus if the person coughing has the disease.

Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth

Why? Hands touch many surfaces and can pick up viruses. Once contaminated, hands can transfer the virus to your eyes, nose or mouth. From there, the virus can enter your body and can make you sick.

Practice respiratory hygiene

Make sure you, and the people around you, follow good respiratory hygiene. This means covering your mouth and nose with your bent elbow or tissue when you cough or sneeze. Then dispose of the used tissue immediately.

Why? Droplets spread virus. By following good respiratory hygiene you protect the people around you from viruses such as cold, flu and COVID-19.

If you have fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical care early

Stay home if you feel unwell. If you have a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical attention and call in advance. Follow the directions of your local health authority.

Why? National and local authorities will have the most up to date information on the situation in your area. Calling in advance will allow your health care provider to quickly direct you to the right health facility. This will also protect you and help prevent spread of viruses and other infections.

Stay informed and follow advice given by your healthcare provider

Stay informed on the latest developments about COVID-19. Follow advice given by your healthcare provider, your national and local public health authority or your employer on how to protect yourself and others from COVID-19.

Why? National and local authorities will have the most up to date information on whether COVID-19 is spreading in your area. They are best placed to advise on what people in your area should be doing to protect themselves.

 

Protection measures for persons who are in or have recently visited (past 14 days) areas where COVID-19 is spreading

  • Follow the guidance outlined above.
  • Stay at home if you begin to feel unwell, even with mild symptoms such as headache and slight runny nose, until you recover. Why? Avoiding contact with others and visits to medical facilities will allow these facilities to operate more effectively and help protect you and others from possible COVID-19 and other viruses.
  • If you develop fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical advice promptly as this may be due to a respiratory infection or other serious condition. Call in advance and tell your provider of any recent travel or contact with travelers. Why? Calling in advance will allow your health care provider to quickly direct you to the right health facility. This will also help to prevent possible spread of COVID-19 and other viruses.

National Science Day

National Science Day is celebrated in India on 28 February each year to mark the discovery of the Raman effect by Indian physicist Sir C. V. Raman on 28 February 1928.

For his discovery, Sir C.V. Raman was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930.

History of National Science Day

In 1986, the [[National Council for Science and Technology Communication]] asked the Government of India to designate February 28 as National Science Day. The event is now celebrated all over the country in schools, colleges, universities and other academic, scientific, technical, medical and research institutions. On the occasion of the first NSD (National Science Day)(28 February 1987) NCSTC announced institution of the National Science Popularization awards for recognizing outstanding efforts in the area of science communication and population.

Celebration of National Science Day

National science day is celebrated every year on 28 February. The celebration also includes public speeches, radio, TV, science movies, science exhibitions based on themes and concepts, , debates, quiz competitions, lectures, science model exhibitions and many more activities.

Objectives of Celebrating National Science Day

National Science Day is being celebrated every year to widely spread a message about the Importance of science used in the daily life of the people. To display all the activities, efforts and achievements in the field of science for human welfare. It is celebrated to discuss all the issues and implement new technologies for the development in the field of science. To give an opportunity to the scientific minded citizens in the country. To encourage the people as well as popularize the science and technology.

Themes of National Science Day

The theme of the year 1999 was “Our Changing Earth”.

The theme of the year 2000 was “Recreating Interest in Basic Science”.

The theme of the year 2001 was “Information Technology for Science Education”.

The theme of the year 2002 was “Wealth From Waste”.

The theme of the year 2003 was “50 years of DNA & 25 years of IVF – The Blue print of Life”.

The theme of the year 2004 was “Encouraging Scientific Awareness in Community”.

The theme of the year 2005 was “Celebrating Physics”.

The theme of the year 2006 was “Nurture Nature for our future”.

The theme of the year 2007 was “More Crop Per Drop”.

The theme of the year 2008 was “Understanding the Planet Earth”.

The theme of the year 2009 was “Expanding Horizons of Science”.

The theme of the year 2010 was “Gender Equity, Science & Technology for Sustainable Development”.

The theme of the year 2011 was “Chemistry in Daily Life”.

The theme of the year 2012 was “Clean Energy Options and Nuclear Safety”.

The theme of the year 2013 was “Genetically Modified Crops and Food Security”.

The theme of the year 2014 was “Fostering Scientific Temper”.

The theme of the year 2015 was “Science for Nation Building”.

The theme of the year 2016 was on “Scientific Issues for Development of the Nation”.

The theme of the year 2017 was “Science and Technology for Specially Abled Persons”

The theme of the year 2018 was “Science and Technology for a sustainable future.”

The theme of the year 2019 is “Science for the People, and the People for Science”

The theme of the year 2020 is “Women in Science.”

Coronaviruses

Coronaviruses are types of viruses that typically affect the respiratory tracts of birds and mammals, including humans. Doctors associate them with the common cold, bronchitis, pneumonia, and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), and they can also affect the gut.

These viruses are typically responsible for common colds more than serious diseases. However, coronaviruses are also behind some more severe outbreaks.

Over the last 70 years, scientists have found that coronaviruses can infect mice, rats, dogs, cats, turkeys, horses, pigs, and cattle. Sometimes, these animals can transmit coronaviruses to humans.

Most recently, authorities identified a new coronavirus outbreak in China that has now reached other countries. It has the name coronavirus disease 2019, or COVID-19.

In this article, we explain the different types of human coronaviruses, their symptoms, and how people transmit them. We also focus on three particularly dangerous diseases that have spread due to coronaviruses: COVID-19, SARS, and MERS.

What is a coronavirus?

Researchers first isolated a coronavirus in 1937. They found a coronavirus responsible for an infectious bronchitis virus in birds that had the ability to devastate poultry stocks.

Scientists first found evidence of human coronaviruses (HCoV) in the 1960s in the noses of people with the common cold. Two human coronaviruses are responsible for a large proportion of common colds: OC43 and 229E.

The name “coronavirus” comes from the crown-like projections on their surfaces. “Corona” in Latin means “halo” or “crown.”

Among humans, coronavirus infections most often occur during the winter months and early spring. People regularly become ill with a cold due to a coronavirus and may catch the same one about 4 months later.

This is because coronavirus antibodies do not last for a long time. Also, the antibodies for one strain of coronavirus may be ineffective against another one.

Symptoms

Cold- or flu-like symptoms usually set in from 2–4 days after a coronavirus infection and are typically mild. However, symptoms vary from person-to-person, and some forms of the virus can be fatal.

Symptoms include:

  • sneezing
  • runny nose
  • fatigue
  • cough
  • fever in rare cases
  • sore throat
  • exacerbated asthma

Scientists cannot easily cultivate human coronaviruses in the laboratory unlike the rhinovirus, which is another cause of the common cold. This makes it difficult to gauge the impact of the coronavirus on national economies and public health.

There is no cure, so treatments include self-care and over-the-counter (OTC) medication. People can take several steps, including:

  • resting and avoiding overexertion
  • drinking enough water
  • avoiding smoking and smoky areas
  • taking acetaminophen, ibuprofen, or naproxen for pain and fever
  • using a clean humidifier or cool mist vaporizer

A doctor can diagnose the virus responsible by taking a sample of respiratory fluids, such as mucus from the nose, or blood.