Aristotle

Aristotle was a Greek philosopher and polymath during the Classical period in Ancient Greece. Taught by Plato, he was the founder of the Lyceum, the Peripatetic school of philosophy, and the Aristotelian tradition. His writings cover many subjects including physics, biology, zoology, metaphysics, logic, ethics, aesthetics, poetry, theatre, music, rhetoric, psychology, linguistics, economics, politics, and government. Aristotle provided a complex synthesis of the various philosophies existing prior to him. It was above all from his teachings that the West inherited its intellectual lexicon, as well as problems and methods of inquiry. As a result, his philosophy has exerted a unique influence on almost every form of knowledge in the West and it continues to be a subject of contemporary philosophical discussion.

Little is known about his life. Aristotle was born in the city of Stagira in Northern Greece. His father, Nicomachus, died when Aristotle was a child, and he was brought up by a guardian. At seventeen or eighteen years of age he joined Plato’s Academy in Athens and remained there until the age of thirty-seven (c. 347 BC). Shortly after Plato died, Aristotle left Athens and, at the request of Philip II of Macedon, tutored Alexander the Great beginning in 343 BC. He established a library in the Lyceum which helped him to produce many of his hundreds of books on papyrus scrolls. Though Aristotle wrote many elegant treatises and dialogues for publication, only around a third of his original output has survived, none of it intended for publication.

Aristotle’s views on physical science profoundly shaped medieval scholarship. Their influence extended from Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages into the Renaissance, and were not replaced systematically until the Enlightenment and theories such as classical mechanics were developed. Some of Aristotle’s zoological observations found in his biology, such as on the hectocotyl (reproductive) arm of the octopus, were disbelieved until the 19th century. His works contain the earliest known formal study of logic, studied by medieval scholars such as Peter Abelard and John Buridan. Aristotle’s influence on logic also continued well into the 19th century.

He influenced Judeo-Islamic philosophies (800–1400) during the Middle Ages, (Maimonides respected his intelligence but refuted his view of “thinking being” with view of “praying being”, as well as Christian theology, especially the Neoplatonism of the Early Church and the scholastic tradition of the Catholic Church. Aristotle was revered among medieval Muslim scholars as “The First Teacher” and among medieval Christians like Thomas Aquinas as simply “The Philosopher”. His ethics, though always influential, gained renewed interest with the modern advent of virtue ethics, such as in the thinking of Alasdair MacIntyre and Philippa Foot.

Risks of Global Warming Rising

The effects of global warming or climate damage include far-reaching and long-lasting changes to the natural environment, to ecosystems and human societies caused directly or indirectly by human emissions of greenhouse gases. It also includes the economic and social changes which stem from living in a warmer world. Human caused climate change is one of the threats to sustainability.

Many physical impacts of global warming are already visible, including extreme weather events, glacier retreat, changes in the timing of seasonal events (e.g., earlier flowering of plants), sea level rise, and declines in Arctic sea ice extent. The future impact of global warming depends on the extent to which nations implement prevention efforts and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Ocean acidification is not a consequence of global warming, but instead has the same cause: increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide.

Climate change has already impacted ecosystems and humans as well. In combination with climate variability, it makes food insecurity worse in many places and puts pressure on fresh water supply. This in combination with extreme weather events, leads to negative effects on human health. Rising temperatures threaten development because of negative effects on economic growth in developing countries. The social impact of climate change will be further affected by society’s efforts to prepare and adapt.Global warming already contributes to migration in different parts of the world.

Near-term climate change policies significantly affect long-term climate change impacts. Stringent mitigation policies might be able to limit global warming (in 2100) to around 2 °C or below, relative to pre-industrial levels.[17][18] Without mitigation, increased energy demand and extensive use of fossil fuels might lead to global warming of around 4 °C.Higher magnitudes of global warming would be more difficult to adapt to, and would increase the risk of negative impacts.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Effects_of_global_warming

Nutrient Requirements Across Age Groups

Children 2-8 years of age

One key nutrient that is important for children ages 2 through 8 would include iron.  According to Grosvenor & Smolin (2018), children do not consume the right amount of iron in their diet however, this vitamin is one that is important for growth and development.  Also, iron is a counterpart of hemoglobin that is responsible for transporting oxygen away from the lungs to the rest of the body (Gavin, 2016).  Iron is said to be one of the nutrients that children get the least of in their diet.  However, two age appropriate foods for this age group includes iron-fortified breakfast cereals and meats such as beef (Grosvenor & Smolin, 2018).

Adolescents 9-18 years of age

 One key nutrient for adolescents ages 9 through 18 years may include vitamin D.  Therefore, vitamin D is important due to its role in keeping bones healthy since the bones in adolescents grow at a faster rate (Grosvenor & Smolin, 2019).  Also, vitamin D goes hand and hand with calcium, without vitamin D calcium cannot be absorbed (Grosvenor & Smolin, 2018).  However, vitamin D is found in some foods that are fortified but the best source to obtain this vitamin is through the sun.  Furthermore, foods sources for vitamin D that would be appropriate for this age group include milk and eggs.

Adults 19-64 years of age

 One key nutrient that is important for adults 19 through 64 years old includes vitamin C.  This nutrient is responsible for eye health and aids in healthy oral surfaces, and vessels (American Optometric Association, n.d.).  Also, vitamin C is important for protecting the body from the common cold and makes the immune system stronger (Wong, 2019).  Furthermore, these adults require vitamin C because helps to heal wounds and has antioxidant properties which shields against free radical that occurs from environment or when food is digested (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2017).  Lastly, two foods that would be appropriate for this age group includes orange juice, oranges, grapefruit and spinach (American Optometric Association, n.d.).

Adults 65 and older

 One key nutrient that is important for adults 65 and older is calcium.  Therefore, the importance of calcium in older adults is it helps to prevent bones from becoming weak and fragile that are prone to developing osteoporosis (Grosvenor & Smolin, 2018).  However, when people get older calcium absorption decreases so, it is very important that this age group gets the adequate amount in their diet.  Therefore, older adult men are recommended to get 1000 mg/day and adult women 1200 mg/day (Grosvenor & Smolin, 2018).  In addition, there are foods that are a good source of calcium that this age group can incorporate in their diet each day.  The food sources that would be most appropriate are milk, collard greens, broccoli, sardines.  Furthermore, if the person cannot consume dairy products and is lactose intolerant alternatives like almond, rice and soymilk are available (NOF, n.d.).

            All the age groups have certain nutrients that are needed to help the body function and to stay healthy.  Therefore, eating foods that have these nutrients can help us from getting a cold, preventing bone loss, boost our immune system and help growth and development.

Impact of Violence on Child Development

The communities in which kids grow up can have a deep impact on their adults. Many kids are brought up with a wealth of resources in calm and supportive settings. Millions of kids grow up under adversity circumstances at the other end of the spectrum. This often translates into the lack of fundamental development funds. However, adversity may also represent increased exposure to adverse occurrences that form the results of life.

One of the most detrimental experiences kids can have is exposure to community violence, affecting how they believe, feel, and behave. Community violence relates to interpersonal community violence not perpetrated by a member of the family and designed to cause damage. It can be a by-product of various conditions, from neighborhood crime and violence to continuing civil or war conflict. Violence exposure is described as the vicarious experience of violence (e.g. hearing about abuse), being the immediate victim of an act of violence, or witnessing violence involving others.

Sadly, too many kids and youth are experiencing elevated rates of exposure to community violence in the U.S. and internationally. For instance, 55% of teenagers revealed some sort of exposure to community violence in a nationwide U.S. study. Homicide is the second major cause of death for teenagers between the ages of 10 and 24 in the United States at this moment, although this figure involves family violence and other forms of violent victimization. These elevated levels extend to lower kinds of violence participation. For example, according to the Youth Risk Behavior Survey, which was conducted annually with a nationally representative survey of high school students, 32 percent of the youth report was in one or more physical fights over the past year. Although violence cuts across social and demographic lines, in inner city and urban poor neighborhoods, exposure to community violence is greatest.

What is the effect of exposure to violence on the growth of children? One clear message is that “violence engenders violence”–kids experiencing violence are more likely to get caught up in a cycle of violence that leads to future violent conduct, including aggression, delinquency, violent crime, and child abuse. This applies to all kinds of exposure to childhood violence, including but not restricted to community violence.

Furthermore, exposure to violence during childhood and adolescence has been shown to contribute to mental health issues. There are greater rates of psychiatric disorders including depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among youth subjected to community violence. Many kids experience more than one symptom or disorder. For instance, approximately half of children diagnosed with PTSD had a diagnosis of comorbid anxiety in a domestic study of teenage exposure to violence, and approximately one-third had a comorbid drug use disorder. More than two-thirds of the women diagnosed with PTSD also had a comorbid depression diagnosis and one-quarter had a comorbid use disorder.

Importance of Using Paper Bags

Paper bags are gaining importance as these bags are 100% reusable, recyclable and biodegradable and at the same time environment friendly and pose less threat to wildlife. it requires less energy for paper bags to be recycled than plastic bags. Paper bags have come a long way since their beginnings in the mid-eighteenth century when some paper bag manufacturers started developing paper bags that are more hardy and long lasting. The paper bags are generally box-shaped in design that allows them to stand upright and hold more goods. Corporates are using paper bags for promotions, seminars, product packaging and branding purposes.

By selecting high quality paper bag manufacturer can deliver recycled brown color paper bags in big and small quantities, regular and premium paper bags which add a professional touch that consumers love and appreciate. Besides, you can add your own custom brand to any paper bag to promote your business. Read on to discover the importance of paper bags.

 Plastic bags cause environmental damage such as increase the level of air pollution. Plastic bags not only have adverse effects on our natural habitats, death of many animals. Plastic bags are not renewable and you need UV rays to destroy it, which is harmful for environment.Paper bags on the other hand are environment friendly and can be recycled.

. Paper bags are usually made from wood. So, these bags can be produced into a new paper like newspapers, magazines or books. Waste papers are also biodegradable so they can be easily degenerate and do not pile up on dump sites.

 You can also buy them at a very cheap price particularly if they are bought wholesale.

 Possessing a paper bag is practical and you can use them to bring your groceries and the premium quality paper bags can be used as paper gift bags.

 Most people nowadays prefer using paper bags because they are easy to carry, neat and can hold lot of items. It adds to your status symbol as they can be embossed and grained to enhance the look.

 Paper bags are usually used extensively in malls and exhibitions for delivering over the counter products as research shows that paper bags contain at least 35% recycled material.

 Corporates are nowadays using paper bags for promotions, seminars, product packaging, and branding purposes as they are competitively priced.

 Paper bag manufacturers can help you to decide the right size and type of paper bags as per your project, budget and quantity.

 You can choose paper bags with special properties that will seal the freshness and give an aesthetic look to your brand as offset and screen printing is possible.

 When your product is properly packaged with premium quality paper bags, you can attract more customers which will help in promoting your brand to the targetaudience.

So, if you are ecofriendly and at the same time want to be ahead of your competitors, start using paper bags.

The Significance of Nutrition Education in Times of COVID-19

The mass disruption caused due to the COVID-19 disease has alarmed countries across the globe. More than half of the total student population in the world is being kept away from attending schools.  

While staying healthy and fit should be a regular aspect of our lives, access to food with the right amount of nutrition holds a greater significance these days. Children are among the most vulnerable, and it is critical to protect and educate them about the same. Thus, it is essential to address the need for nutrition education and how it can help mitigate adverse impacts on health.  

Poor nutrition can weaken the immune system, which jeopardizes the body’s ability to fight against COVID-19. Keeping that in mind, nutrition education for school children has become a necessity as it encompasses educational strategies that can make the children more aware of their food choices.  

Why Nutrition Education is Important in Schools? 

Nutrition education is a process that involves teaching nutritional sciences to children in schools and assists them in incorporating positive changes in their eating patterns and habits. The primary focus is on permanent behavioural changes rather than just delivering factual information.  

Nutrition education in primary schools is essential as it helps build a habit from a very young age. Also, active learning will make nutrition-related information more practical in an everyday setting.  

Nutrition is not just limited to what we eat; it also explains why and how certain foods affect our mental and physical health. School nutrition programmes can thus be beneficial on many levels and, in turn, result in improved academic performance too.  

How will Nutrition Education Help Combat COVID-19?  

With so many people falling prey to coronavirus (COVID-19), unhealthy diet and improper nutrition contribute to weakened immunity that put them more at risk. Hence the pandemic requires us to become more considerate about our eating choices. Nutrition education is a step towards a more aware and healthy youth, especially in times of COVID-19.     

The interactive and holistic approach to nutrition education implies getting the children involved in the complete journey from growing food to cooking and eating it. It is crucial to engage younger pupils and help make the entire process of learning exploratory and fun. Moreover, working alongside parents fosters transparent communication and their support impacts the ability to foster knowledge and skills.  

Here are some of the benefits of providing nutrition education in schools: 

  • Increased likelihood of children making healthy food choices from a young age 
  • Decreased risk of obesity and related health issues among children 
  • Improved cognitive development and decrease in behavioural outbursts 
  • Greater physical and mental health 
  • Increased nutritional knowledge and self-awareness 

How Can you Promote Nutrition Education at Home? 

The more you talk about nutrition with your child, the more they will value its significance. Therefore, you must encourage healthy eating habits for your children while being at school, but also when they are at home.  

Follow these ways to incorporate the same: 

  • Introduce a nutrition issue weekly and discuss it with your child regularly. 
  • Engage your child in simple but healthy recipes daily. 
  • Have them draw pictures of fruits or vegetables and educate them about their benefits. 
  • Make use of modules to teach them more about nutrition. 

Nutrition education in the classroom can successfully improve students’ health and academic performance, but it is also essential to practice the same at home.  

Now the question is – how do you evaluate nutrition education programmes? Change in dietary quality is among the key evaluation measures that teachers, as well as parents, can notice.  

The objective is to implement easy, day-to-day steps that will bring out a change in children. As parents, you need to make sure that the schools are keen on imparting nutrition education to students.  

We advise you to consider the impact of lifestyle habits today and comply with COVID-19 prevention protocols as much as possible.  

Why an active involvement of Parents is significant in a student’s performance?

A lot of factors influence a student ’s academic and co-curricular performance – parents’ involvement being a crucial part of it. Parents who are actively involved in their child’s education, from the starting greatly influence the child’s future development. The most effective learning starts at home, through basic learning activities that shape their early education. Although, with such engaging lifestyle in these times, it tends to be a lot harder for parents to catch up with their child’s everyday school activities.

 

Sending children to school, attending parent-teacher meets, instructing them to score better than others, isn’t particularly being involved. An active parent is the one who searches for reasons behind the child’s performances. With a degrading performance, it is essential to know the factors that are affecting it – it might be a dislike to the particular subject, bullying, or any other cause. Better communication is the key to deciphering the right grounds involved and acting accordingly on it.

 

Parents are the first mentors of a child, so leaving their academic growth completely on the teacher and school isn’t feasible. A simple act of checking your ward’s homework every day can make a significant difference – your child needs to be aware of your involvement, making them vigil towards performing better. The lack of parental guidance may make young learners prone to bad behavior and neglecting them might lead to withdrawal and stress, ultimately negatively affecting their performance in life.

 

Constant support from parents becomes a source of positivity and an anchor for the learners to define their goals and accomplish them. It is critical for parents and teachers to be at the same pace while discussing the student’s growth and future plans. Learn from them about the child’s activities in school and make sure to correct the child if something is wrong. Maintaining a healthy parent-teacher relationship shows your interest in your kid’s matters making them actively participate in their school curriculum.

 

Besides, support and care sometimes children tend to be diverted or more interested in the co-curricular activities, ignoring their education. Although extra-curriculum is essential for a child’s growth – it cannot replace education – parents need to find fun ways to help the young learners enjoy the textbooks along with letting their creative mind breathe too. Many studies and surveys have noted the importance of a parent’s involvement in the child’s education. Students with good support from home have proved to achieve better grades at school and grew up with higher self-esteem.

 

A homely, comfortable environment at home is critical for a child’s better development. Both father and mother should consider the importance of their study life and give them adequate moral support. Do it together and help them with some tips and guidance in doing the assignments better along with a significant focus on co-curricular activities.

As one of the Best CBSE higher secondary school in Kochi, We will provide our students the best facilities to enhance their academic & co-curricular activities & parents needs to support them as they can in every manner.

10 Advantages of Taking Online Classes

The following list includes 10 advantages to online learning.

  1. Variety of programs and courses: From traditional four-year universities to completely online career colleges, higher education today offers a variety of options for students. This means that no matter what students study, from nursing to neuroscience, they can find the courses or programs they need online. Students can also earn every academic degree online, from a career certificate to a doctorate.
  2. Lower total costs: Online programs prove a more affordable option than traditional colleges. Though not all online degrees offer less expensive net tuition prices than traditional colleges, associated expenses almost always cost less. For example, there are no commuting costs, and sometimes required course materials, such as textbooks, are available online at no cost. In addition, many colleges and universitiesaccept creditsearned via free massive open online courses (MOOCs), the most recent advance in online education. These free online courses can help students fulfill general education requirements.
  3. More comfortable learning environment: Commercials that feature online students studying in their pajamas only skims the surface of one of the benefits of online education: no physical class sessions. Students listen to lectures and complete assignments sent to them electronically, with no need to fight traffic, leave work early for class, or miss important family time.
  4. Convenience and flexibility: Online courses give students the opportunity to plan study time around the rest of their day, instead of the other way around. Students can study and work at their convenience. Course material is always accessible online, making special library trips unnecessary. All of these benefits help students balance work and family commitments with their education.
  5. More interaction and greater ability to concentrate: While contradictory evidence about the rate of online student participation versus participation in traditional courses exists, one thing remains certain: Online courses offer shy or more reticent students the opportunity to participate in class discussions more easily than face-to-face class sessions. Some students evenreportbetter concentration in online classes due to the lack of classroom activity.
  6. Career advancement: Students can take online courses and even complete entire degrees while working, while in-between jobs, or while taking time to raise a family. This academic work will explain any discontinuity or gaps in a resume as well. Also, earning a degree can show ambitiousness to prospective employers and a desire to remain informed and prepared for new challenges.
  7. Continue in your profession: Even if someone wants to complete a degree, it may not mean they want to leave their current job. For most students today, increasing college costs mandate that some students continue working while in school. The previously mentioned flexibility of online programs enable students to keep working while also pursuing academic credentials.
  8. Avoid commuting: During snowstorms and thunderstorms, colleges may cancel classes to avoid putting commuting students at risk of dangerous driving conditions. Rather than miss important class sessions, students in online courses can always “attend” by participating in discussion boards or chat sessions, turning in their work on time, and watching lectures or reading materials. Many students also find substantial savings on fuel costs with no commute for classes.
  9. Improve your technical skills: Even the most basic online course requires the development of new computer skills, as students learn to navigate different learning management systems (LMS) and programs. The participation skills students learn within their online courses translate to many professions, including creating and sharing documents, incorporating audio/video materials into assignments, completing online training sessions, etc. Some schools even offer students freelaptops or iPads.
  10. Transfer credits: For college students who want to attend summer classes, but live too far from their colleges and/or work summer jobs, taking online classes from an accredited college and transferring the credits to their primary college can be beneficial. Students can earn college credit while still enjoying their summer vacation or fulfilling the responsibilities of their seasonal employment. Similarly, if a college or university does not offer enough open sections of a required course, students can take the course online at another college and transfer the credits.

Students in online programs can effectively manage their time, learn the materials, and complete assignments on their own schedules to name just a few benefits of online learning.

courtesy: OEDb

Thinking about all the above advantages & the present situation of our nation, we, the best CBSE Management school of Kerala, Greets Public School is going to start online class for all students from class I to XII .

We have launched portal for online admission. Click to apply!

Who is Florence Nightingale?

Florence Nightingale, (12 May 1820 13 August 1910) was an English social reformer and statistician, and the founder of modernnursing.

Nightingale came to prominence while serving as a manager of nurses trained by her during theCrimean War, where she organised the tending to wounded soldiers.She gave nursing a highly favourable reputation and became an icon of Victorian culture, especially in the persona of “The Lady with the Lamp” making rounds of wounded soldiers at night.

While recent commentators have asserted Nightingale’s achievements in the Crimean War were exaggerated by the media at the time, critics agree on the decisive importance of her follow-up achievements in professionalising nursing roles for women.In 1860, Nightingale laid the foundation of professional nursing with the establishment of hernursing schoolatSt Thomas’ Hospitalin London. It was thefirst secular nursing school in the world, now part ofKing’s College London. In recognition of her pioneering work in nursing, theNightingale Pledgetaken by new nurses, and theFlorence Nightingale Medal, the highest international distinction a nurse can achieve, were named in her honour, and the annualInternational Nurses Dayis celebrated around the world on her birthday. Her social reforms include improving healthcare for all sections of British society, advocating better hunger relief in India, helping toabolish prostitution lawsthat were over-harsh to women, and expanding the acceptable forms of female participation in theworkforce.

Nightingale was a prodigious and versatile writer. In her lifetime, much of her published work was concerned with spreading medical knowledge. Some of her tracts were written insimple Englishso that they could easily be understood by those with poor literary skills. She was also a pioneer in the use ofinfographics, effectively using graphical presentations ofstatisticaldata.Much of her writing, including her extensive work on religion andmysticism, has only been published posthumously.

Computers in Daily Life

The computer is one of the most wonderful products of modern science. It is an electronic device. Computers can do complex calculations and work quickly. They have solved a lot of problems with the man. The first mechanical computer, created by Charles Babbage in 1822.

Use of computer in daily life

The computer is very useful in our daily life. The computer is used in schools, colleges, business, institutions, banks and other public and private sectors of all countries.

Types of computer

There are various types of computers such as a Supercomputer , MainframeComputer, Minicomputer, Microcomputer. A supercomputer is a computer that performs at or near the currently highest operational rate for computers. A mainframe is the largest and most powerful type of computer. A microcomputer is used especially in the home, in school, in the bank and other small business. In the same way, a minicomputer is larger than a personal computer. A personal computer is fairly a small computer for personal & business use.

Advantages of computers

The major advantage of using computers in this way are given below. Computers make it possible to receive, supply and process large volumes of data at very high speed. Computer reduces the cost of all data related operations including, input, output, storage, processing, and transmission.

Disadvantages of computer

Using a computer can make you physically weak and lazy. Doing extra unwanted activities on computers can waste your time. By using computers for a long time, your blood circulation can become poor due to less physical activities.

Conclusion

The development of computer technology is at present, in its fourth generations where it has witnessed many breakthroughs. It has made the computer smaller, cheaper, more efficient and more easy to use. We hope that India will be fully computerised in the years to come.

To make Our children more familiar with computers, we provide one of the best computer lab .